2006 Louisiana Laws - RS 14:79 — Violation of protective orders

SUBPART C.  DOMESTIC VIOLENCE OFFENSES

§79.  Violation of protective orders

A.(1)(a)  Violation of protective orders is the willful disobedience of a preliminary or permanent injunction or protective order issued pursuant to R.S. 9:361 et seq., R.S. 9:372, R.S. 46:2131 et seq., R.S. 46:2151, Children's Code Article 1564 et seq., Code of Civil Procedure Articles 3604 and 3607.1, or Code of Criminal Procedure Articles, 327.1, 335.1 and 871.1 after a contradictory court hearing, or the willful disobedience of a temporary restraining order or any ex parte protective order issued pursuant to R.S. 9:361 et seq., R.S. 9:372, R.S. 46:2131 et seq., R.S. 46:2151, criminal stay-away orders as provided for in Code of Criminal Procedure Articles 327.1, and 335.1, Children's Code Article 1564 et seq., or Code of Civil Procedure Articles 3604 and 3607.1, if the defendant has been given notice of the temporary restraining order or ex parte protective order by service of process as required by law.

(b)  A defendant may also be deemed to have been properly served if tendered a certified copy of a temporary restraining order or ex parte protective order by any law enforcement officer who has been called to any scene where the named defendant is present.  Such service of a previously issued temporary restraining order or ex parte protective order if noted in the police report shall be deemed sufficient evidence of service of process and admissible in any civil or criminal proceedings.

(2)  Violation of protective orders shall also include the willful disobedience of an order of protection issued by a foreign state.

(3)  Violation of protective orders shall also include the willful disobedience of the following:

(a)  An order issued by any state, federal, parish, city, or municipal court judge, magistrate judge, commissioner or justice

of the peace that a criminal defendant stay away from a specific person or persons as a condition of that defendant's release on bond.

(b)  An order issued by any state, federal, parish, city, or municipal court judge, magistrate judge, commissioner or justice of the peace that a defendant convicted of a violation of any state, federal, parish, municipal, or city criminal offense stay away from any specific person as a condition of that defendant's release on probation.

(c)  A condition of a parole release which requires that the parolee stay away from any specific person.

B.(1)  On a first conviction for violation of protective orders which does not involve a battery to the person protected by the protective order, the offender shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned for not more than six months, or both.

(2)  On a second conviction for violation of protective orders which does not involve a battery to the person protected by the protective order, regardless of whether the second offense occurred before or after the first conviction, the offender shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars and imprisoned for not less than forty-eight hours nor more than six months.  At least forty-eight hours of the sentence of imprisonment imposed under this Paragraph shall be without benefit of probation, parole, or suspension of sentence.  If a portion of the sentence is imposed with benefit of probation, parole, or suspension of sentence, the court shall require the offender to participate in a court-approved domestic abuse counseling program.

(3)  On a third or subsequent conviction for violation of protective orders which does not involve a battery to the person protected by the protective order, regardless of whether the current offense occurred before or after the earlier convictions, the offender shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars and imprisoned for not less than fourteen days nor more than six months.  At least fourteen days of the sentence of imprisonment imposed under this Paragraph shall be without benefit of probation, parole, or suspension of sentence.  If a portion of the sentence is imposed with benefit of probation, parole or suspension of sentence, the court shall require the offender to participate in a court-approved domestic abuse counseling program, unless the offender has previously been required to participate in such program and, in the discretion of the judge, the offender would not benefit from such counseling.

C.(1)  Whoever is convicted of the offense of violation of protective orders where the violation involves a battery to the person protected by the protective order, and who has not been convicted of violating a protective order or of an assault or battery upon the person protected by the protective order within the five years prior to commission of the instant offense, shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars and imprisoned for not less than fourteen days nor more than six months.  At least fourteen days of the sentence of imprisonment imposed under this Paragraph shall be without benefit of probation, parole, or suspension of sentence.  If a portion of the sentence is imposed with benefit of probation, parole, or suspension of sentence, the court shall require the offender to participate in a court-approved domestic abuse counseling program as part of that probation.

(2)  Whoever is convicted of the offense of violation of protective orders where the violation involves a battery to the person for whose benefit the protective order is in effect, and who has been convicted not more than one time of violating a protective order or of an assault or battery upon the person for whose benefit the protective order is in effect within the five-year period prior to commission of the instant offense, regardless of whether the instant offense occurred before or after the earlier convictions, shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars and imprisoned for not less than three months nor more than six months.  At least fourteen days of the sentence of imprisonment imposed under this Paragraph shall be without benefit of probation, parole, or suspension of sentence.  If a portion of the sentence is imposed with benefit of probation, parole, or suspension of sentence, the court shall require the offender to participate in a court-approved domestic abuse counseling program, unless the offender has previously been required to participate in such program and, in the discretion of the court, the offender would not benefit from such counseling.

(3)  Whoever is convicted of the offense of violation of protective orders where the violation involves a battery to the person for whose benefit the protective order is in effect, and who has more than one conviction of violating a protective order or of an assault or battery upon the person for whose benefit the protective order is in effect during the five-year period prior to commission of the instant offense, regardless of whether the instant offense occurred before or after the earlier convictions, the offender shall be fined not more than two thousand dollars and imprisoned with or without hard labor for not less than one year nor more than five years. At least one year of the sentence of imprisonment imposed under this Paragraph shall be without benefit of probation, parole, or suspension of sentence.

D.  If, as part of any sentence imposed under this Section, a fine is imposed, the court may direct that the fine be paid for the support of the spouse or children of the offender.

E.  Law enforcement officers shall use every reasonable means, including but not limited to immediate arrest of the violator, to enforce a preliminary or permanent injunction or protective order obtained pursuant to R.S. 9:361, R.S. 9:372, R.S. 46:2131 et seq., R.S. 46:2151, Children's Code Article 1564 et seq., Code of Civil Procedure Articles 3604 and 3607.1, or Code of Criminal Procedure Articles 327.1, 335.1 and 871.1 after a contradictory court hearing, or to enforce a temporary restraining order or ex parte protective order issued pursuant to R.S. 9:361, R.S. 9:372, R.S. 46:2131 et seq., R.S. 46:2151, Children's Code Article 1564 et seq., Code of Civil Procedure Articles 3604 and 3607.1, or Code of Criminal Procedure Articles 327.1 and 335.1 if the defendant has been given notice of the temporary restraining order or ex parte protective order by service of process as required by law.

F.  This Section shall not be construed to limit the effect of any other criminal statute or civil remedy.

G.  "Instant offense" as used in this Section means the offense which is before the court.

H.  An offender ordered to participate in a domestic abuse counseling program under the provision of this Section shall pay the cost incurred in participating in the program, unless the court determines that the offender is unable to pay.  Failure to make payment under this Subsection shall subject the offender to revocation of probation.

Added by Acts 1983, No. 497, §1; Acts 1987, No. 268, §1; Acts 1994, 3rd Ex. Sess., No. 70, §1; Acts 1995, No. 905, §1; Acts 1997, No. 1156, §6; Acts 1999, No. 659, §1; Acts 1999, No. 1200, §1; Acts 2003, No. 750, §5; Acts 2003, No. 1198, §1.


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