2011 Kentucky Revised Statutes
CHAPTER 342 WORKERS' COMPENSATION
342.035 Medical fee schedule -- Review and updating -- Action for excess fees -- Effect of failure to submit to or follow surgical or medical treatment or advice -- Fee schedule for medical testimony -- Other medical matters -- Medical fee schedule for registered nurse first assistants.
342.035 Medical fee schedule -- Review and updating -- Action for excess fees -Effect of failure to submit to or follow surgical or medical treatment or advice
-- Fee schedule for medical testimony -- Other medical matters -- Medical fee
schedule for registered nurse first assistants.
Periodically, the commissioner shall promulgate administrative regulations to adopt
a schedule of fees for the purpose of ensuring that all fees, charges, and
reimbursements under KRS 342.020 and this section shall be fair, current, and
reasonable and shall be limited to such charges as are fair, current, and reasonable
for similar treatment of injured persons in the same community for like services,
where treatment is paid for by general health insurers. In determining what fees are
reasonable, the commissioner may also consider the increased security of payment
afforded by this chapter. On or before November 1, 1994, and on July 1 every two
(2) years thereafter, the schedule of fees contained in administrative regulations
promulgated pursuant to this section shall be reviewed and updated, if appropriate.
Within ten (10) days of April 4, 1994, the commissioner shall execute a contract
with an appropriately qualified consultant pursuant to which each of the following
elements within the workers' compensation system are evaluated; the methods of
health care delivery; quality assurance and utilization mechanisms; type, frequency,
and intensity of services; risk management programs; and the schedule of fees
contained in administrative regulation. The consultant shall present
recommendations based on its review to the commissioner not later than sixty (60)
days following execution of the contract. The commissioner shall consider these
recommendations and, not later than thirty (30) days after their receipt, promulgate
a regulation which shall be effective on an emergency basis, to effect a twenty-five
percent (25%) reduction in the total medical costs within the program.
No provider of medical services or treatment required by this chapter, its agent,
servant, employee, assignee, employer, or independent contractor acting on behalf
of any medical provider, shall knowingly collect, attempt to collect, coerce, or
attempt to coerce, directly or indirectly, the payment of any charge, for services
covered by a workers' compensation insurance plan for the treatment of a workrelated injury or occupational disease, in excess of that provided by a schedule of
fees, or cause the credit of any employee to be impaired by reason of the employee's
failure or refusal to pay the excess charge. In addition to the penalty imposed in
KRS 342.990 for violations of this subsection, any individual who sustains damages
by any act in violation of the provisions of this subsection shall have a civil cause of
action in Circuit Court to enjoin further violations and to recover the actual
damages sustained by the individual, together with the costs of the lawsuit,
including a reasonable attorney's fee.
Where these requirements are furnished by a public hospital or other institution,
payment thereof shall be made to the proper authorities conducting it. No
compensation shall be payable for the death or disability of an employee if his or
her death is caused, or if and insofar as his disability is aggravated, caused, or
continued, by an unreasonable failure to submit to or follow any competent surgical
treatment or medical aid or advice.
The commissioner shall, by December 1, 1994, promulgate administrative
regulations to adopt a schedule of fees for the purpose of regulating charges by
medical providers and other health care professionals for testimony presented and
medical reports furnished in the litigation of a claim by an injured employee against
the employer. The workers' compensation medical fee schedule for physicians, 803
KAR 25:089, having an effective date of February 9, 1995, shall remain in effect
until July 1, 1996, or until the effective date of any amendments promulgated by the
commissioner, whichever occurs first, it being determined that this administrative
regulation is within the statutory grant of authority, meets legislative intent, and is
not in conflict with the provisions of this chapter. The medical fee schedule and
amendments shall be fair, current, and reasonable and otherwise comply with this
(a) To ensure compliance with subsections (1) and (4) of this section, the
commissioner shall promulgate administrative regulations by December 31,
1994, which require each insurance carrier, self-insured group, and selfinsured employer to certify to the commissioner the program or plan it has
adopted to ensure compliance.
(b) In addition, the commissioner shall periodically have an independent audit
conducted by a qualified independent person, firm, company, or other entity
hired by the commissioner, in accordance with the personal service contract
provisions contained in KRS 45A.690 to 45A.725, to ensure that the
requirements of subsection (1) of this section are being met. The independent
person, firm, company, or other entity selected by the commissioner to
conduct the audit shall protect the confidentiality of any information it
receives during the audit, shall divulge information received during the audit
only to the commissioner, and shall use the information for no other purpose
than the audit required by this paragraph.
(c) The commissioner shall promulgate administrative regulations governing
medical provider utilization review activities conducted by an insurance
carrier, self-insured group, or self-insured employer pursuant to this chapter.
(d) Periodically, or upon request, the commissioner shall report to the Interim
Joint Committee on Labor and Industry of the Legislative Research
Commission or to the corresponding standing committees of the General
Assembly, as appropriate, the degree of compliance or lack of compliance
with the provisions of this section and make recommendations thereon.
(e) The cost of implementing and carrying out the requirements of this subsection
shall be paid from funds collected pursuant to KRS 342.122.
The commissioner may promulgate administrative regulations incorporating
managed care or other concepts intended to reduce costs or to speed the delivery or
payment of medical services to employees receiving medical and related benefits
under this chapter.
For purposes of this chapter, any medical provider shall charge only its customary
fee for photocopying requested documents. However, in no event shall a
photocopying fee of a medical provider or photocopying service exceed fifty cents
(.50) per page. In addition, there shall be no charge for reviewing any records of a
medical provider, during regular business hours, by any party who is authorized to
review the records and who requests a review pursuant to this chapter.
(a) The commissioner shall develop or adopt practice parameters or guidelines for
clinical practice for use by medical providers under this chapter. The
commissioner may adopt any parameters for clinical practice as developed and
updated by the federal Agency for Health Care Policy Research, or the
commissioner may adopt other parameters for clinical practice which are
developed by qualified bodies, as determined by the commissioner, with
periodic updating based on data collected during the application of the
(b) Any provider of medical services under this chapter who has followed the
practice parameters or guidelines developed or adopted pursuant to this
subsection shall be presumed to have met the appropriate legal standard of
care in medical malpractice cases regardless of any unanticipated
complication that may thereafter develop or be discovered.
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, the medical fee
schedule adopted under subsection (4) of this section shall require all worker's
compensation insurance carriers, worker's compensation self-insured groups,
and worker's compensation self-insured employers to provide coverage and
payment for surgical first assisting services to registered nurse first assistants
as defined in KRS 216B.015.
(b) The provisions of this subsection apply only if reimbursement for an assisting
physician would be covered and a registered nurse first assistant who
performed the services is used as a substitute for the assisting physician. The
reimbursement shall be made directly to the registered nurse first assistant if
the claim is submitted by a registered nurse first assistant who is not an
employee of the hospital or the surgeon performing the services.
Effective: July 15, 2010
History: Amended 2010 Ky. Acts ch. 24, sec. 1782, effective July 15, 2010. -Amended 2007 Ky. Acts ch. 121, sec. 1, effective June 26, 2007. -- Amended 2005
Ky. Acts ch. 7, sec. 35, effective March 1, 2005. -- Amended 1996 Ky. Acts ch. 332,
sec. 2, effective July 15, 1996; and ch. 355, sec. 5, effective July 15, 1996. -Amended 1994 Ky. Acts ch. 181, Part 5, sec. 19, effective April 4, 1994. -- Amended
1987 (1st Extra. Sess.) Ky. Acts ch. 1, sec. 6, effective January 4, 1988. -- Recodified
1942 Ky. Acts ch. 208, sec. 1, effective October 1, 1942, from Ky. Stat. sec. 4886.
Legislative Research Commission Note (7/15/96). This section was amended by 1996
Ky. Acts chs. 332 and 355 which are in conflict. Under KRS 446.250, Acts ch. 332,
which was last enacted by the General Assembly, prevails.
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