2005 Illinois 70 ILCS 605/      Illinois Drainage Code. Article III - Organization Of Drainage Districts


      (70 ILCS 605/Art. III heading)
ARTICLE III. ORGANIZATION OF DRAINAGE DISTRICTS

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑1) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑1)
    Sec. 3‑1. Drainage districts.
    Drainage districts may be formed to construct, maintain or repair drains or levees or to engage in other drainage or levee work for agricultural, sanitary or mining purposes.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 512.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑2) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑2)
    Sec. 3‑2. Names of districts.
    A district which is organized as an outlet drainage district shall include the term "outlet drainage district" in its name. A district which maintains levees shall include the term "drainage and levee district" in its name. A district which is organized as a mutual drainage district shall include the term "mutual drainage district" in its name, and if such a district also maintains levees it shall include the term "mutual drainage and levee district" in its name. Any other district shall include the term "drainage district" in its name.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 512.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑3) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑3)
    Sec. 3‑3. Petition. A drainage district may be organized upon petition signed by 20% of the adult owners owning more than one‑fourth of the land in the proposed district; or by more than one‑fourth of the adult owners owning a major portion of the land. When the land in the proposed district is owned by 2 owners only, the petition need be signed by only one owner if he owns at least one‑fifth of the land in the proposed district. The petition shall be filed in the circuit court of that county in which the greater part of the land shall lie. It must include: (a) the name of the proposed district; (b) a statement showing the necessity for the district; (c) a general description of the proposed work; (d) a general description of the location of the lands in the proposed district or the numbers of the sections, including township and range, in which the proposed district, or any part thereof, is situated; (e) the names of the owners, when known; (f) the approximate number of acres in the proposed district; (g) a request for the organization of the district; and (h) a request for the appointment of temporary commissioners.
(Source: P.A. 86‑297.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑4) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑4)
    Sec. 3‑4. Setting petition for hearing.
    Upon the filing of the petition, it shall be presented to the court, which shall fix the date and hour for hearing.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 512.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑5) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑5)
    Sec. 3‑5. Notice of hearing. The clerk of the circuit court shall give notice of the hearing on the petition in the manner provided in Section 3‑6. The notice shall be entitled "Drainage Notice" and must state: (a) in what court and on what date the petition was filed; (b) a general description of the proposed work; (c) the boundaries of the proposed district or a description of the lands proposed to be included or the numbers of the sections, including township and range, in which the proposed district, or any part thereof, is situated; (d) the name of the proposed district; and (e) the place, date and hour the petition will be heard. The notice may be substantially in the following form:
DRAINAGE NOTICE     Public notice is hereby given that on (insert date), there was filed in the Circuit Court of the .... Judicial Circuit, .... County, Illinois, a petition requesting the organization of .... Drainage District, in the County (or Counties) of .... and State of Illinois; that the boundaries of the proposed district are as follows: .... (or "that the proposed district is situated in the following sections: ...."); that the work proposed to be undertaken by the district consists of ....; that upon the filing thereof, the petition was presented to the Court and by the Court set for hearing in the .... in the courthouse at ...., Illinois, on (insert date), at the hour of .... .. M., at which time and place all interested parties may appear and be heard if they see fit so to do.
    Dated (insert date).
.............................
Clerk of the Circuit Court of
the ....... Judicial Circuit,
............ County, Illinois
(Source: 91‑357, eff. 7‑29‑99.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑6) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑6)
    Sec. 3‑6. Time and manner of giving notice. Notice of the hearing on the petition shall be given by publishing the notice in a newspaper of general circulation published in the county in which the proposed district is situated. The notice shall be published once each week for 2 successive weeks. The first publication of the notice shall be at least 3 weeks prior to the date fixed for hearing. When the proposed district is situated in 2 or more counties, then such notice shall be given as aforesaid by publishing the same in a newspaper of general circulation published in each of said counties. If no newspaper of general circulation is published in any such county, then publication of the notice shall be in a newspaper having general circulation in that county.
    The petition shall be accompanied by an affidavit of one or more credible persons setting forth the names and addresses of the owners of all the land proposed to be included in the district, if known, or, if unknown, the names and addresses of the persons who last paid the general taxes on the land for which the names or addresses of the non‑resident owners are unknown, as shown by the collector's books in the county in which such land is situated. The petitioners or the clerk of the court shall, within 4 days after the first publication of the notice, mail a copy thereof to each person named in the affidavit at the address therein set forth.
    The notice given by mail shall be sent first class, with the postage thereon fully prepaid. The certificate of the clerk of the court or the affidavit of any other credible person, affixed to a copy of the notice, is sufficient evidence of the mailing of notice.
(Source: P.A. 86‑297.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑7) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑7)
    Sec. 3‑7. Hearing.
    At the hearing, the court shall determine whether or not the requisite number of owners owning the required acreage of land signed the petition or joined as petitioners. The affidavit of one or more credible persons may be taken as prima facie evidence of the sufficiency of the signing of the petition. Any owner of land situated within the proposed district may, at or prior to the time fixed for hearing, file objections to the sufficiency of the petition on the ground that it does not fulfill the requirements of Section 3‑‑3, and, after filing such objections, may be heard with reference thereto and introduce evidence thereon.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 512.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑8) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑8)
    Sec. 3‑8. Findings and determinations by the court.
    If the court finds that the petition has not been signed as required by Section 3‑‑3 or that the petition does not otherwise fulfill the requirements of Section 3‑‑3, it shall dismiss the petition at the petitioners' costs. If the court determines that the petition has been properly signed and otherwise fulfills the requirements of Section 3‑‑3, it shall find for the petitioners.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 512.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑9) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑9)
    Sec. 3‑9. Appointment of temporary commissioners ‑ Continuance. If the Court finds for the petitioners, it shall notify the appropriate appointing authority which shall be the county board or in home rule counties as defined by Article VII, Section 6 of the Constitution of 1970 the county chief executive officer of the county in which the petition is filed to appoint by majority vote as temporary commissioners 3 competent residents of Illinois own land in the proposed district, provided, however, that for good cause shown the appropriate appointing authority may waive the requirement that the temporary commissioners own land in the proposed district. When the proposed district is situated in 2 or more counties, no more than 2 such commissioners shall be residents of any one county, provided however, that for good cause shown the appropriate appointing authority may waive this residence requirement. In home rule counties appointments made by the chief executive officer shall be subject to the advice and consent of the county board. A commissioner thus appointed shall hold office until his duties are fulfilled or his successor is appointed and has qualified. Upon the appointment of temporary commissioners, the cause shall be continued to a day certain for the filing of their report.
(Source: P.A. 86‑297.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑10) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑10)
    Sec. 3‑10. Oath of temporary commissioners. Before entering on their duties and within 10 days after appointment, the temporary commissioners shall qualify by subscribing to an oath to discharge the duties of the office faithfully and without favor or partiality, which oaths shall be filed with the circuit clerk of the county in which the district is organized.
(Source: P.A. 84‑886.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑11) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑11)
    Sec. 3‑11. Filling vacancies‑Removal from office. If for any reason a vacancy occurs in the office of temporary commissioner, the appropriate appointing authority shall appoint a successor, without notice, or upon such notice as the appointing authority may direct, and the fact that the cause has been continued to a later date shall not affect the validity of the appointment. Temporary commissioners may be removed from office for good cause by the appointing authority upon its own motion or upon the petition of any interested landowner.
(Source: P.A. 86‑297.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑12) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑12)
    Sec. 3‑12. Organization of temporary commissioners‑Quorum.
    The temporary commissioners shall elect one of their number as chairman and may elect one of their number as secretary. A majority shall constitute a quorum, and the concurrence of a majority regarding any matter within the scope of their duties shall be sufficient.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 512.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑13) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑13)
    Sec. 3‑13. Duties of temporary commissioners.
    The temporary commissioners shall examine the area proposed to be included in the district and the land upon which any portion of the drainage system is proposed to be constructed. They shall not be confined in their deliberations to the system of drainage proposed in the petition, but may consider such alterations or modifications of the same as they believe will best drain or protect the lands in the proposed district with the least damage and greatest benefit to all lands affected. No system of drainage shall be considered or proposed by the temporary commissioners unless such system shall at least provide a main outlet of ample capacity to drain the lands in the proposed district, but this limitation shall not apply to any district proposed to be organized for the sole purpose of protecting lands against overflow.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 512.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑14) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑14)
    Sec. 3‑14. Employment of engineer‑Engineer's report.
    The temporary commissioners shall, unless otherwise authorized by the court, employ an engineer who shall be a registered professional engineer competent in the design and operation of drainage systems, to assist them in the performance of their duties. If an engineer is employed, he shall make such surveys and estimates as the commissioners may direct. If the engineer recommends the organization of the district and the performance of work, and the temporary commissioners concur in this recommendation, then the engineer shall prepare a report, which report shall include (a) a description of the existing drainage facilities and conditions in the proposed district; (b) a description of the system of drainage which he recommends to be constructed by the district, giving the route, length and termini of proposed levees, open ditches and tile drains, the top elevations and dimensions of levees, the gradients, bottom widths and side slopes of proposed open ditches, the diameter and gradients of proposed tile drains, the type, plan, location and capacity of proposed pumping plants, and the nature and location of all other work or structures proposed for construction, operation or maintenance by the district; (c) specifications for the performance of the work recommended; (d) a description of the rights‑of‑way necessary for the performance of the work recommended; (e) completes estimates of costs; (f) a map of the proposed district, showing the boundaries described in the petition, any recommended changes in the boundaries and the nature and location of the proposed work; (g) such profile, cross‑sectional and other drawings as may be necessary to describe the proposed work; and (h) the approximate number of acres in the proposed district and such other information as may be required by the commissioners.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 512.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑15) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑15)
    Sec. 3‑15. Report of temporary commissioners. The temporary commissioners shall report in writing to the court on or before the date fixed for the filing of their report. If they are not ready to report by that date, they shall obtain a continuance to a day certain. Successive continuances may be granted. In their report to the court, they shall state (a) the general nature of the land in the proposed district, (b) the drainage condition of the land, (c) the general nature and location and the estimated cost of the drainage system they find to be best suited for the land in the proposed district, (d) a description of any land in addition to that described in the petition which will be benefited by the proposed work and which, they find, should be included in the proposed district, and a description of any land described in the petition which will not be benefited by the proposed work and which, they find, should not be included in the proposed district; provided, however, that the proposed district shall not be so enlarged or contracted that the petitioners no longer meet the proportional requirements of Section 3‑3, (e) whether any land lying outside of the proposed district, but within another drainage district or a municipal corporation exercising drainage powers, will be benefited, and, if so, a general description of the same, (f) whether any land lying outside the proposed district, but not to be included in the proposed district and not within another drainage district or municipal corporation exercising drainage powers, will be benefited, and, if so, a general description of the same, and (g) whether the benefits to the land in the proposed district will exceed the probable cost to that land of organizing the district and constructing such work. If an engineer was employed, then the report of the engineer shall be attached to and made a part of the temporary commissioners' report. If the temporary commissioners find that the benefits to the land in the proposed district will not exceed the probable cost to that land, then they shall recommend that the district not be organized. If they find that the benefits to the land in the proposed district will exceed the probable cost to that land, then they shall recommend that the district be organized and shall include in their report, in addition to the information above specified, (a) a complete description of the system of drainage which they recommend, (b) the estimated cost of that system, including all incidental expenses, (c) the estimated annual cost of repair, maintenance and operation of the system, and (d) the name of any other drainage district or any municipal corporation exercising drainage powers which includes land lying outside of the proposed district which will be benefited by the proposed work.
(Source: P.A. 86‑297.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑16) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑16)
    Sec. 3‑16. Petition to add lands to proposed district.
    Any person owning land adjoining the proposed district may, at any time at least 10 days prior to the hearing on the report of the temporary commissioners, petition the court to have such land included in the proposed district. Such petitioner shall give the temporary commissioners at least 10 days' notice in writing of the hearing on the petition, which notice shall include a description of the land sought to be included and the name and address of the petitioner. The petition shall be heard at the same time as the report of the temporary commissioners.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 512.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑17) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑17)
    Sec. 3‑17. Setting report for hearing.
    The report of the temporary commissioners shall be presented to the court on the date last fixed for the filing of the report and the court shall then fix the date and hour for the hearing thereon and the cause shall stand continued until such time.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 512.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑18) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑18)
    Sec. 3‑18. Notice of hearing on report. If the temporary commissioners recommend in their report that the district be organized and that additional land be included in the proposed district, they shall file with their report their affidavit setting forth the names and addresses of the owners of such land, if known, or, if unknown, then the names and addresses of the person who last paid the general taxes on such land as shown by the collector's books in the county in which such land is situated, and the petitioners or the clerk of the court shall, at least 10 days before the date fixed for hearing, mail a notice thereof to each such person at his address as set forth in the affidavit. Notices shall be mailed and proof made in the manner provided in Section 3‑6. The notice shall be entitled "Drainage Notice" and must state (a) the general nature of the proceedings and in what court they are pending, (b) the general location of the proposed district, (c) a general description of the system of drainage recommended, (d) the description of the additional land proposed to be included, and (e) the date and hour fixed for the hearing on the report.
    The notice may be substantially in the following form:
DRAINAGE NOTICE To the owners of the lands hereinafter described:
    You are hereby notified that there is pending in the Circuit Court of the .... Judicial Circuit, .... County, Illinois, the report of the temporary commissioners in the matter of the petition for the organization of .... Drainage District, in the County (or Counties) of .... and State of Illinois; that the general location of the proposed district is ....; that the work recommended to be undertaken in the proposed district by the temporary commissioners consists of ....; and that the temporary commissioners have recommended that in addition to the lands described in the petition, there be included in the districts the lands described as follows: ........................
    You are further notified that the report of the temporary commissioners is set for hearing in the .... in the Courthouse at .... Illinois, on (insert date), at the hour of .... .. M., at which time and place you may appear and be heard if you see fit so to do.
    Dated (insert date).
.................................
Clerk of the Circuit Court of the
............... Judicial Circuit,
............... County, Illinois.
(Source: P.A. 91‑357, eff. 7‑29‑99.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑19) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑19)
    Sec. 3‑19. Other districts or municipal corporations as defendants.
    If the temporary commissioners recommend in their report that the district be organized and report that there is land which will be benefited by the proposed work lying outside of the proposed district but within another drainage district or a municipal corporation exercising drainage powers, then such district or municipal corporation may be made a party defendant in the proceedings. Summons shall be issued and served as in other civil cases. If the summons is not served at least 30 days before the date fixed for the hearing, then the court shall continue the hearing to a day not less than 30 days after such service.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 512.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑20) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑20)
    Sec. 3‑20. Hearing on report.
    Any owner of land in the proposed district or in any other district or municipal corporation made a party defendant may, at or prior to the time fixed for hearing, file objections opposing the confirmation of the report, or any portion thereof or requesting that the report be modified in any particular and, after filing such objections, may be heard with reference thereto and introduce evidence in support thereof. The report of the temporary commissioners shall be prima facie evidence of the matters therein set forth.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 512.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑21) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑21)
    Sec. 3‑21. Modification of report.
    If, after hearing the evidence, the court finds that the report of the temporary commissioners should be modified in any particular to provide the best drainage or protection for the lands in the proposed district, with the least damage and greatest benefit to all the lands affected, and the court is sufficiently informed in the premises, it shall modify the same in accordance with such finding. If the court finds that the report should be so modified but is not sufficiently informed to make the modifications itself, then it shall refer the report back to the temporary commissioners and may give them specific directions for modifying their report. If the report is thus referred back to the temporary commissioners, the court shall continue the hearing to a day certain for the filing of the modified report. Successive continuances may be granted, and no further notice shall be required.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 512.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑22) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑22)
    Sec. 3‑22. Dismissal of proceedings.
    If, at the conclusion of the hearing, the court finds that the benefits to the lands in the proposed district from the proposed work or from any modification thereof will not exceed the cost to those lands, then the court shall dismiss the proceedings at the petitioners' costs, which costs shall include the fees and expenses of the temporary commissioners and reasonable compensation for their agents, engineers and attorneys.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 512.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑23) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑23)
    Sec. 3‑23. Order organizing district.
    If, at the conclusion of the hearing, the court approves the plans for the proposed work or any modification thereof and finds that the benefits to the land in the proposed district from such work will exceed the cost to that land, then the court shall order the organization of the district, which order shall include the name of the district and a description of the district boundaries and shall direct the construction of the work approved by the court and the levy of an assessment to pay the cost thereof, including all incidental expenses, in the amount fixed by the court. The court may also direct the levy of an annual maintenance assessment to pay the cost of repair, maintenance and operation of the system.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 512.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑24) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑24)
    Sec. 3‑24. Effect of order organizing district.
    When the order organizing the district is given or made, the district shall become and be a body politic and corporate under the name set forth in such order, with the right to sue and be sued, to plead and be impleaded, to contract and be contracted with, and to have perpetual succession.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 512.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑25) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑25)
    Sec. 3‑25. Appeals from order organizing district. The order organizing the district shall be final, and separate or joint appeals may be taken by the parties affected thereby as in other civil cases. However, the taking of an appeal or the reversal of the order upon such appeal shall not impair or invalidate the organization as to all other persons not appealing nor delay the work or subsequent proceedings so far as it affects the lands of such other persons, unless the reversal of the order by the reviewing court as to the owners so appealing would work a substantial hardship on the owners or some of the owners not appealing and the appeal has been made to operate as a stay of the enforcement of the judgment. When any such an appeal is taken, the commissioners or any landowner not appealing may, within 15 days after the notice of appeal has been made to operate as a stay, move the trial court to stay the proceedings as to the owners of the lands not appealing, pending the determination of the appeal, upon the grounds that the reversal of the order by the reviewing court as to the owners appealing would work a substantial hardship on all or some of the owners not appealing. In the event the proceedings are so stayed and the order appealed from is thereafter affirmed, or the appeal is dismissed, then, upon the receipt of final process from the reviewing court the trial court shall vacate the stay and the proceedings shall thereafter continue in the same manner as though no appeal had been taken. In the event the proceedings are so stayed and the order appealed from is reversed then, upon the receipt of final process from the reviewing court the trial court may modify or vacate the original order as to the owners of the lands not appealing, as justice may require under the circumstances.
(Source: P.A. 84‑551.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑26) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑26)
    Sec. 3‑26. Alternate method of organization ‑ Referendum. As an alternate to the method of organizing a drainage district hereinbefore provided in this Article, proceedings for the organization of a district may also be instituted upon a petition signed by at least one‑tenth of the adult owners who own at least one‑fifth of the land in the proposed district. The petition shall be filed in the circuit court of the county in which the greater part of the land in the proposed district shall lie. The petition shall contain all of the information required by Section 3‑3 and shall request that the question of organizing the district be submitted to referendum as provided in this section. Upon its filing, the petition shall be presented to the court, which shall fix the date and hour for hearing. The clerk of the court shall give notice of the hearing substantially in the form and manner and for the length of time provided in Sections 3‑5 and 3‑6.
    At the hearing, the court shall determine whether the petition is in proper form, contains the required information and is signed by at least one‑tenth of the adult owners who own at least one‑fifth of the land in the proposed district. The affidavit of one or more credible persons may be taken as prima facie evidence of the sufficiency of the signing of the petition. If the petition is not adequate or is not properly signed, the court shall dismiss the petition at the petitioner's costs. If the petition is adequate and is properly signed, the court shall order the question of organizing the district submitted to the adult owners of the land in the proposed district at a special election to be held therein.
    The court shall fix the day upon which the election shall be held, which day shall be not less than 30 nor more than 60 days from the day the order is entered. The court at the time of calling the election shall designate the polling place in the proposed district, shall notify the appointing authority, as described in Section 3‑9, to appoint 3 judges of the election and shall designate the hours at which the polling place will open and close. Upon calling the election, the court shall continue the cause to a day certain, which day shall be not less than 7 nor more than 14 days following the day fixed for the election.
    The clerk of the court shall give notice of the election in the manner and for the length of time provided in Section 3‑6 in the case of hearing on a petition, except that if notice is given by publication, no notice by mailing shall be required. The notice shall specify the purpose of the election with a description of the proposed district and the time and place of holding the election. The ballots for the election shall be in substantially the following form:

    Shall the proposed (Name of         Yes
proposed district) be organized    
as a drainage district?                 No

The reverse side of the ballot shall show the official nature of the ballot by the certificate of the clerk, and it shall be the duty of the clerk to cause the ballots to be prepared. The ballots and the results shall be returned to the clerk of the court within 48 hours after the election and he shall report the results of the election to the court. The expense of printing ballots and holding the election shall be taxed as costs in the pending proceedings.
    If a majority of the owners voting on the question do not favor the organization of the proposed district, the court shall dismiss the petition at the petitioners' costs. If the majority of the owners so voting favor the organization of the proposed district, the court shall find for the petitioners and proceedings shall thereafter be had in the manner provided by Sections 3‑9 through 3‑23, inclusive, except that after the court has called the election, no change may be made in the boundaries of the proposed district from those set forth in the petition.
(Source: P.A. 86‑297.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑27) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑27)
    Sec. 3‑27. Organization of drainage district by user.
    Where 2 or more parties owning adjoining or contiguous lands, or their predecessors in title, have, by voluntary action, constructed a combined system of drains, a combined system of levees or a combined system of drains and levees which form a continuous line or a continuous line and branches, the lands connected by such system shall be liable for their just proportion of the cost of such repairs and improvements as may be needed therefor, the amount to be determined, as nearly as may be, on the same principles as if these lands were in an organized drainage district. Whenever such repairs and improvements cannot be made by voluntary agreement, any one or more parties owning land upon which any such work has been constructed may petition the court for the formation of a drainage district to include all the lands connected by such system. The petitioner or petitioners for the formation of such drainage district must show to the satisfaction of the court that his or their land is damaged through the lack of proper repairs to or improvements of such system. After the petition is filed, the procedure and conditions (except as to the number of signers and proportions of area) heretofore prescribed in this Act for the organization of other drainage districts shall be observed, as nearly as practicable. The ditches, drains, levees or other work shall be taken as a dedication of right‑of‑way and their construction and joining as the consent of the several parties to be united in a drainage district. Commissioners, both temporary and permanent, shall be appointed in drainage districts organized under this section at the time, in the manner and with the qualifications, powers and duties provided in this Act for commissioners of other drainage districts.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 512.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑28) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑28)
    Sec. 3‑28. Outlet drainage districts‑Organization.
    Outlet drainage districts may be organized in the manner provided in Sections 3‑‑3 through 3‑‑26:
    (a) When an open drain, whether natural or artificial, or partly natural and partly artificial, constitutes the common outlet for lands in two or more other drainage districts which may or may not adjoin or for lands in two or more such other drainage districts and lands not within any drainage district; and
    (b) When the purpose of the outlet district is to improve the channel of the open drain constituting such outlet; and
    (c) When the lands to be included in the outlet district are contiguous and will be benefited by the work of the outlet district; and
    (d) When all or a portion of the lands to be included in the outlet district are situated in two or more other districts.
    Any lands which will be benefited by the work of an outlet district may be included therein without regard to whether such lands do or do not lie within another district, however, it shall not be necessary to include in an outlet district all lands which will be benefited by the work of the outlet district or all lands lying within the other districts draining into the outlet proposed to be improved.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 512.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑29) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑29)
    Sec. 3‑29. Outlet drainage districts‑Commissioners‑Powers.
    Commissioners, both temporary and permanent, shall be appointed for outlet drainage districts at the time and in the manner and with like qualifications provided in this Act for the appointment of commissioners of other drainage districts. Such commissioners shall have the same powers and duties as commissioners of other districts except the following:
    (a) The commissioners of an outlet drainage district shall not have the power to construct any drainage work except the deepening, widening, straightening, relocating or otherwise improving of the channel of such outlet river, stream or other natural or artificial watercourse, and to reconstruct, enlarge, repair and maintain the same. No assessment shall be levied except for these purposes and incidental expenses in connection therewith and to pay damages, if any, and compensation for land taken, and the cost of organization.
    (b) Subdistricts may not be formed in any outlet drainage district.
    (c) No outlet drainage district shall remove, destroy, appropriate or use any levee, drain, ditch or part thereof or other work of any other drainage district or municipal corporation exercising drainage powers without the consent of such district or municipal corporation or without paying just compensation therefor.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 512.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑30) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑30)
    Sec. 3‑30. Outlet drainage districts‑Lands included in other districts.
    The fact that land is in an outlet drainage district shall not, in itself, prevent that land from thereafter being included in another drainage district.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 512.)

    (70 ILCS 605/3‑31) (from Ch. 42, par. 3‑31)
    Sec. 3‑31. Mutual Drainage Districts. Owners of lands which require combined drainage or combined drainage and protection from overflow may form a drainage district by mutual agreement, to include lands of their own only, by an instrument in writing duly signed, acknowledged and recorded in the drainage record. This agreement may include the location and character of the work to be done, the method by which the work shall be done, the total amount of the assessment to be levied, the amount of assessments of benefits and damages to be levied against each tract, or so much of these or more as may be agreed upon, and, to the extent provided by the agreement, the proceedings shall be as valid as though the drainage district were organized by petition in court in the manner hereinbefore provided. The appointment, powers and duties of the commissioners of a drainage district organized by mutual agreement shall, except as may be limited by the agreement, be the same as prescribed for drainage districts organized by petition in court, provided, however, that the agreement may include the selection of three drainage commissioners from the signers of the agreement or from others qualified to act. The terms of office of such commissioners shall be until the first Tuesday of the following September and until their successors have been appointed in the manner provided in this Act for the appointment of commissioners of other districts and have qualified. A drainage district organized by mutual agreement shall be subject to the jurisdiction of the circuit court and all such districts shall have all the powers, rights and duties of every kind given to drainage districts organized by petition in court, except as may be limited by the agreement. The above powers, rights and duties shall include, but not be limited to, the power of annexation of lands benefited and the formation of subdistricts as in other drainage districts.
(Source: P.A. 86‑297.)

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