(65 ILCS 5/11‑19.2‑1)
(from Ch. 24, par. 11‑19.2‑1)
As used in this Division, unless the
context requires otherwise:
(a) "Code" means any municipal ordinance that pertains to or regulates:
sanitation practices; forestry practices; the attachment of bills or
notices to public property; the definition, identification and abatement of
public nuisances; and the accumulation, disposal and transportation of
garbage, refuse and other forms of solid waste in a municipality.
(b) "Sanitation inspector" means a municipal employee authorized to
issue citations for code violations and to conduct inspections of public or
private real property in a municipality to determine if code violations exist.
(c) "Property owner" means the legal or beneficial owner of an improved
or unimproved parcel of real estate.
(d) "Hearing officer" means a person other than a sanitation inspector
or law enforcement officer having the following powers and duties:
(1) to preside at an administrative hearing called
to determine whether or not a code violation exists;
(2) to hear testimony and accept evidence from the
sanitation inspector, the respondent and all interested parties relevant to the existence of a code violation;
(3) to preserve and authenticate the record of the
hearing and all exhibits and evidence introduced at the hearing;
(4) to issue and sign a written finding, decision
and order stating whether a code violation exists; and
(5) to impose penalties consistent with applicable
code provisions and to assess costs reasonably related to instituting the proceeding upon finding the respondent liable for the charged violation, provided, however, that in no event shall the hearing officer have the authority to impose a penalty of incarceration.
(e) "Respondent" means a property owner, waste hauler or other person
charged with liability for an alleged code violation and the person to whom
the notice of violation is directed.
(f) "Solid waste" means demolition materials, food and industrial
processing wastes, garden trash, land cleaning wastes, mixed refuse,
non‑combustible refuse, rubbish, and trash as those terms are defined in the Solid Waste Disposal District Act.
(g) "Waste hauler" means any person owning or controlling any vehicle
used to carry or transport garbage, refuse or other forms of solid waste.
(Source: P.A. 90‑655, eff. 7‑30‑98.)
(65 ILCS 5/11‑19.2‑4)
(from Ch. 24, par. 11‑19.2‑4)
Instituting code hearing proceedings.
sanitation inspector observes or otherwise discovers a code violation, he
shall note the violation on a violation notice and report form, indicating
the name and address of the respondent, if known, the name, address and
State vehicle registration number of the waste hauler who deposited the
waste, if applicable, the type and nature of the violation, the date and
time the violation was observed, the names of witnesses to the violation,
and the address of the location or property where the violation is observed.
The violation notice and report form shall contain a file number and a
hearing date noted by the sanitation inspector in the blank spaces provided
for that purpose on the form. The violation notice and report form shall
state that failure to appear at the hearing on the date indicated may
result in a determination of liability for the cited violation and the
imposition of fines and assessment of costs as provided by the applicable
municipal ordinance. The violation notice and report form shall also state
that upon a determination of liability and the exhaustion or failure to
exhaust procedures for judicial review, any unpaid fines or costs imposed
will constitute a debt due and owing the municipality.
A copy of the violation notice and report form shall be served upon the
respondent either personally or by first class mail, postage prepaid, and
sent to the address of the respondent. If the municipality has an
ordinance requiring all or certain property owners to register with the
municipality, service may be made on the respondent property owner by
mailing the violation notice and report to the owner's address registered
with the municipality. If the name of the respondent property owner cannot
be ascertained or if service on such respondent cannot be made by mail,
service may be made on the respondent property owner by posting a copy of
the violation notice and report form in a prominent place upon the property
where the violation is found, not less than 10 days before the hearing is
(Source: P.A. 86‑1364.)
(65 ILCS 5/11‑19.2‑8)
(from Ch. 24, par. 11‑19.2‑8)
Findings, Decision, and Order.
At the conclusion of
the hearing the hearing officer shall make a determination on the basis of
the evidence presented at the hearing whether or not a code violation
exists. The determination shall be in writing and shall be designated as
the findings, decision and order. The findings, decision and order shall
include the hearing officer's findings of fact, a decision whether or not a
code violation exists based upon the findings of fact, and an order,
imposing a fine or other penalty, directing the respondent to correct the
violation, or dismissing the case in the event the violation is not proved.
If the hearing officer determines that the respondent is liable for the
cited violation, the hearing officer shall enter an order imposing sanctions
that are provided in the code for the violations proved, including the
imposition of fines and recovery of the costs of the proceedings, which
costs shall be enforced in like manner as the enforcement of fines and
penalties. A copy of the findings, decision and order shall be served by
personal service or by any method provided for service of the violation
notice and report form pursuant to Section 11‑19.2‑4. Payment of any
penalty, fine or costs of the proceedings and the disposition of such money
shall be in the same manner as set forth in this Code, unless the corporate
authorities establishing a code hearing unit by ordinance provide otherwise.
(Source: P.A. 86‑1364.)
(65 ILCS 5/11‑19.2‑12)
(from Ch. 24, par. 11‑19.2‑12)
(a) Any fine, other sanction or costs imposed, or
part of any fine, other sanction or costs imposed remaining unpaid after
the exhaustion of, or the failure to exhaust, judicial review procedures
under the Administrative Review Law shall be a debt due and owing the
municipality and, as such, may be collected in accordance with applicable
law. Any subsequent owner or transferee of property takes subject to this
debt if a notice has been filed pursuant to Section 11‑19.2‑10.
(b) After expiration of the period within which judicial review under
the Administrative Review Law may be sought for a final determination of
the code violation, the municipality may commence a proceeding in the
circuit court of the county where the municipality is located for purposes
of obtaining a judgment on the findings, decision and order. Nothing in
this Section shall prevent a municipality from consolidating multiple
findings, decisions and orders against a person in such a proceeding. Upon
commencement of the action, the municipality shall file a certified
copy of the findings, decision and order, which shall be accompanied by a
certification that recites facts sufficient to show that the findings,
decision and order was issued in accordance with this Division and the
applicable municipal ordinance. Service of the summons
and a copy of the petition may be by any method provided by Section 2‑203
of the Code of Civil Procedure or by certified mail, return receipt
requested, provided that the total amount of fines, other sanctions and
costs imposed by the findings, decision and order does not exceed $5,000.
If the court is satisfied that the findings, decision and order was entered
in accordance with the requirements of this Division and the applicable
municipal ordinance, and that the respondent had an opportunity for a
hearing under this Division and for judicial review as provided in this
(1) the court shall render judgment in favor of the
municipality and against the respondent for the amount indicated in the findings, decision and order, plus court costs. Such judgment shall have the same effect and may be enforced in the same manner as other judgments for the recovery of money; and
(2) the court may also issue such other orders or
injunctions or both requested by the municipality to enforce the order of the hearing officer to correct a code violation.
(Source: P.A. 86‑1364.)