2010 Georgia Code
TITLE 15 - COURTS
CHAPTER 11 - JUVENILE PROCEEDINGS
ARTICLE 1 - JUVENILE PROCEEDINGS
PART 7A - DISCOVERY PROCEEDINGS
§ 15-11-75 - Request for discovery; reciprocal discovery; timing of response; alibi; orders; failures to comply; discretion; confidentiality; pro se appearances

O.C.G.A. 15-11-75 (2010)
15-11-75. Request for discovery; reciprocal discovery; timing of response; alibi; orders; failures to comply; discretion; confidentiality; pro se appearances


(a) Request for discovery. In all cases in which a child is charged with having committed a delinquent act as defined in Code Section 15-11-2, the child shall, upon written request to the person or entity prosecuting the case having actual custody, control, or possession of the material to be produced, have full access to the following for inspection, copying, or photographing:

(1) A copy of the complaint;

(2) A copy of the petition;

(3) The names and last known addresses and telephone numbers of each witness to the occurrence which forms the basis of the charge;

(4) A copy of any written statement made by the child or any witness that relates to the subject matter concerning the testimony of the witness that the prosecuting attorney or entity prosecuting the case intends to call as a witness;

(5) Transcriptions, recordings, and summaries of any oral statement of the child or of any witness, except the product of counsel;

(6) Any scientific or other report which is intended to be introduced at the hearing or that pertains to physical evidence which is intended to be introduced;

(7) Photographs and any physical evidence which are intended to be introduced at the hearing; and

(8) Copies of the police incident report and supplemental report, if any, regarding the occurrence which forms the basis of the charge.

(b) Reciprocal discovery. If the child requests disclosure of information pursuant to subsection (a) of this Code section, it shall be the duty of the child to promptly make the following available for inspection, copying, or photographing to the prosecuting attorney or the entity prosecuting the case:

(1) The names and last known addresses and telephone numbers of each witness to the occurrence which forms the basis of the defense;

(2) Any scientific or other report which is intended to be introduced at the hearing or that pertains to physical evidence which is intended to be introduced;

(3) Photographs and any physical evidence which are intended to be introduced at the hearing; and

(4) A copy of any written statement made by any witness that relates to the subject matter concerning the testimony of the witness that the child intends to call as a witness.

(c) Timing of response to discovery. A request for discovery or reciprocal discovery shall be complied with promptly and not later than 48 hours prior to the adjudicatory hearing except when later compliance is made necessary by the timing of the request. If the request for discovery is made fewer than 48 hours prior to the adjudicatory hearing, the discovery response shall be produced in a timely manner. If, subsequent to providing a discovery response in compliance with this Code section, the existence of additional evidence is found, it shall be promptly provided to the person or child making the discovery request.

(d) Alibi.

(1) Upon written request by the prosecuting attorney or entity prosecuting the case stating the time, date, and place at which the alleged delinquent act was committed, the child shall serve upon the prosecuting attorney or entity prosecuting the case a written notice of the child's intention to offer a defense of alibi. Such notice by the child shall state the specific place or places at which the child claims to have been at the time of the alleged delinquent act and the names, addresses, dates of birth, and telephone numbers of the witnesses, if known to the child, upon whom the child intends to rely to establish such alibi unless previously supplied. A request for alibi evidence shall be complied with promptly and not later than 48 hours prior to the adjudicatory hearing except when later compliance is made necessary by the timing of the request. If the request for alibi evidence is made fewer than 48 hours prior to the adjudicatory hearing, the alibi evidence shall be produced in a timely manner. If the defendant withdraws the notice of intention to rely upon an alibi defense, the notice and intention to rely upon an alibi defense are not admissible. However the prosecuting attorney or entity prosecuting the case may offer any other evidence regarding alibi.

(2) The prosecuting attorney or entity prosecuting the case shall serve upon the child a written notice stating the names, addresses, dates of birth, and telephone numbers of the witnesses, if known to the state, upon whom the state intends to rely to rebut the child's evidence of alibi unless previously supplied.

(e) Order granting discovery; limitations; sanctions. If a request for discovery is refused, application may be made to the court for a written order granting discovery. Motions for discovery shall certify that a request for discovery was made and was refused. An order granting discovery shall require reciprocal discovery. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this Code section, the court may deny, in whole or in part, or otherwise limit or set conditions concerning the discovery response upon a sufficient showing by a person or entity to whom a request for discovery is made that disclosure of the information would:

(1) Jeopardize the safety of a party, witness, or confidential informant;

(2) Create a substantial threat of physical or economic harm to a witness or other person;

(3) Endanger the existence of physical evidence;

(4) Disclose privileged information; or

(5) Impede the criminal prosecution of a minor who is being prosecuted as an adult or the prosecution of an adult charged with an offense arising from the same transaction or occurrence.

(f) Failure to comply. If at any time during the course of the proceedings it is brought to the attention of the court that a person or entity has failed to comply with an order issued pursuant to this Code section, the court may grant a continuance, prohibit the party from introducing in evidence the information not disclosed, or enter such other order as the court deems just under the circumstances.

(g) Court discretion. Nothing contained in this Code section shall prohibit the court from ordering the disclosure of any information that the court deems necessary and appropriate for proper adjudication.

(h) Confidentiality of discovery responses. Any material or information furnished to the child pursuant to this part shall remain in the exclusive custody of the child and shall only be used during the pendency of the case and shall be subject to such other terms and conditions as the court may provide.

(i) Danger of proceeding pro se. If a child proceeds pro se, the court shall instruct the child concerning the danger of proceeding pro se and his or her rights under this Code section.
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