2012 Connecticut General Statutes
Title 17a - Social and Human Services and Resources
Chapter 319 - Department of Children and Families
Section 17a-12 - (Formerly Sec. 17-420). Transfer of child or youth to other program, agency, organization or facility.
(a) When the commissioner, or the commissioner’s designee, determines that a change of program is in the best interest of any child or youth committed or transferred to the department, the commissioner or the commissioner’s designee, may transfer such person to any appropriate resource or program administered by or available to the department, to any other state department or agency, or to any private agency or organization within or without the state under contract with the department; provided no child or youth voluntarily admitted to the department under section 17a-11 shall be placed or subsequently transferred to the Connecticut Juvenile Training School; and further provided no transfer shall be made to any institution, hospital or facility under the jurisdiction of the Department of Correction, except as authorized by section 18-87, unless it is so ordered by the Superior Court after a hearing. When, in the opinion of the commissioner, or the commissioner’s designee, a person fourteen years of age or older is dangerous to himself or herself or others or cannot be safely held at the Connecticut Juvenile Training School, if a male, or at any other facility within the state available to the Commissioner of Children and Families, the commissioner, or the commissioner’s designee, may request an immediate hearing before the Superior Court on the docket for juvenile matters where such person was originally committed to determine whether such person shall be transferred to the John R. Manson Youth Institution, Cheshire, if a male, or the Connecticut Correctional Institution, Niantic, if a female. The court shall, within three days of the hearing, make such determination. If the court orders such transfer, the transfer shall be reviewed by the court every six months thereafter to determine whether it should be continued or terminated, unless the commissioner has already exercised the powers granted to the commissioner under section 17a-13 by removing such person from the John R. Manson Youth Institution, Cheshire or the Connecticut Correctional Institution, Niantic. Such transfer shall terminate upon the expiration of the commitment in such juvenile matter.
(b) Unless ordered by the Superior Court at the time of commitment, no child or youth committed to the commissioner shall be placed in or transferred to a state-operated residential mental health facility under the jurisdiction of the commissioner without a hearing before the commissioner or the commissioner’s designee. Such hearing shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of chapter 54.
(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) of this section, (1) any delinquent child, if a male, may be placed at any time in the Connecticut Juvenile Training School, and (2) the commissioner may transfer any child or youth committed to the commissioner to any institution, hospital or facility for mentally ill children under the commissioner’s jurisdiction for a period not to exceed fifteen days if the need for such emergency treatment is certified by a psychiatrist licensed to practice medicine by the state.
(1969, P.A. 664, S. 14; 1971, P.A. 13, S. 1; 1972, P.A. 111, S. 1; P.A. 73-552; P.A. 75-228; 75-524, S. 9, 30; 75-567, S. 79, 80; P.A. 76-436, S. 594, 681; P.A. 78-300, S. 1; P.A. 86-186, S. 8; P.A. 93-91, S. 1, 2; 93-216, S. 2; P.A. 99-26, S. 19, 39; P.A. 04-152, S. 3; P.A. 11-157, S. 7.)
History: 1971 act added provisions re transfers from Connecticut School for Boys to Cheshire correctional institution of males 15 or older deemed dangerous to self or others; 1972 act allowed commissioner’s designee to act under section; P.A. 73-552 included transfers of females deemed dangerous to self or others and reduced age minimum for transferees to 14; P.A. 75-228 added reference to facilities other than Connecticut School for Boys and Long Lane School; P.A. 75-524 replaced “person” with “child or youth”, deleted references to transfers to facilities under department of mental health in previous provisions and added Subsec. (b) regulating such transfers; P.A. 75-567 allowed commissioner’s designee to act under section provisions; P.A. 76-436 replaced “court of appropriate jurisdiction” with “superior court” and “juvenile court” with “superior court on the docket for juvenile matters”, effective July 1, 1979; P.A. 78-300 made technical correction; P.A. 86-186 changed the name of the Connecticut Correctional Institution, Cheshire to the John R. Manson Youth Institution, Cheshire; Sec. 17-420 transferred to Sec. 17a-12 in 1991; P.A. 93-91 substituted commissioner and department of children and families for commissioner and department of children and youth services, effective July 1, 1993 (Revisor’s note: The words “the department of” in the phrase “commissioner of the department of children and youth services” were deleted editorially by the Revisors to conform with customary statutory usage); P.A. 93-216 deleted references to the Connecticut School for Boys throughout section; P.A. 99-26 replaced references to “Long Lane School” with “the Connecticut Juvenile Training School” where appearing and made technical changes for purposes of gender neutrality, effective upon the filing with the Governor and the General Assembly of written certification by the Commissioner of Children and Families that the new Connecticut Juvenile Training School is operational (Revisor’s note: Said written certification was filed with the Senate and House Clerks on September 20, 2001, and with the Governor on September 21, 2001); P.A. 04-152 amended Subsecs. (a) and (c) by adding references to “male” children held or placed at the Connecticut Juvenile Training School, effective May 21, 2004; P.A. 11-157 amended Subsec. (a) to add provision re transfer to terminate on expiration of commitment in juvenile matter.
Cited. 171 C. 644. Because defendant was over eighteen and could not be “committed, admitted or transferred” to department’s care and custody, requirement that department explore alternative of transfer to out-of-state institution did not apply to defendant and juvenile court properly declined to explore such alternative. 276 C. 633.
Annotations to present section:
To effectuate any transfer of a juvenile in custody of department, petitioner must first determine that it is in the child’s best interest to do so; when petitioner seeks to transfer a juvenile in department’s custody to Department of Correction, however, there is additional requirement that Superior Court must order the transfer following hearing. 264 C. 747. Section requires that trial court, in determining whether to transfer allegedly dangerous juvenile to Department of Correction custody, must consider both best interest of the juvenile posing a safety concern and danger posed by that juvenile to other juveniles with whom the subject juvenile is or will be situated. Id. Delinquent juvenile who faces transfer proceedings pursuant to section does not have same liberty interest as adult who faces criminal proceedings. Id. Fact that, under due process clause, an adult who is not competent cannot be convicted of a crime does not mean that a juvenile who is not competent cannot be transferred to Department of Correction pursuant to section. Id. Fundamental fairness requires that juvenile be adequately represented at hearing so that court may make an informed and accurate determination of juvenile’s best interest and the danger he or she poses. Id.
Statute as applied resulted in denial of procedural due process where court failed to determine competency prior to ordering transfer of mentally disabled youth from Department of Children and Families facility to a correctional institution; for purposes of future transfer proceedings, court must first consider child’s competency and then determine if transfer is in child’s best interest, including considering evidence of alternatives to incarceration. 68 CA 427.
Subdiv. (1) cited. 43 CA 613.
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