2005 California Streets and Highways Code Sections 5890-5895.1 Article 3. Collection of Cost of ConstructionSTREETS AND HIGHWAYS CODE
5890. The assessments proposed by the superintendent of streets pursuant to Section 5882, as may be amended by the legislative body during the hearing held pursuant to Section 5883, may be confirmed and levied by the legislative body against the parcels of property fronting upon the sidewalks or curbs so constructed, and the cost so assessed, if not paid within five days after its confirmation by the legislative body, shall constitute a special assessment against each of those parcels, and shall be a lien on the property for the amount thereof from the time of recordation of the notice of lien, which lien shall continue until the assessment and all interest thereon is paid, or until it is discharged of record. 5890.5. In assessing land, credit may be given for dedications and for improvements constructed at private expense. 5891. The superintendent of streets may file in the office of the county recorder of the county in which the parcel of property is located, a certificate substantially in the following form, to wit: NOTICE OF LIEN Pursuant to the authority vested in me by the Improvement Act of 1911, I did, on the ____ day of ____, 19_, cause the sidewalk or curb to be constructed, and the legislative body of said city (county, or city and county) did, on the ____ day of ____, 19_, by Resolution No. ____ assess the cost of such construction upon the real property hereinafter described, and the same has not been paid nor any part thereof, and the said city (county, or city and county, does hereby claim a lien on said real property in the sum of ____ dollars ($____), and the same shall be a lien upon said real property until the said sum, with interest at the rate of ____ percent (insert rate of interest as fixed by legislative body, not to exceed 6 percent) per annum, from the said ____ day of ____, 19_ (insert date of the thirty-first day after confirmation of assessment), has been paid in full and discharged of record. The real property hereinbefore mentioned and upon which a lien is claimed, is that certain piece or parcel of land lying and being in the (name of city, or city and county) the County of ____, State of ____, and particularly described as follows, to wit: (Description of Property) Dated this _____ day of _____, 19__. Superintendent of Streets 5892. From and after the date of the recording of the notice of lien, all persons shall be deemed to have had notice of the contents thereof. The notice of lien may include claims against one or more separate parcels of property, whether contiguous or not, together with the amount due, respectively, from each such parcel. The statute of limitation shall not run against the right of the city to enforce the payment of the lien. If any such lien is not paid the city may file and maintain an action to foreclose such lien in the same manner and under the same procedure, so far as applicable, as that under which delinquent bonds are foreclosed under this division. 5893. As an alternative method of collection of the amount of the lien, the legislative body, after confirmation of the report of the superintendent of streets, may order the notice of lien to be turned over to the accounting officer and the tax collector of the city, whereupon it shall be the duty of those officers to add the amount of the assessment to the next regular bill for taxes levied against the lot or parcel of land. If city taxes are collected by the county officials, the notice of lien shall be delivered to the county auditor, who shall enter the amount thereof on the county assessment book opposite the description of the particular property and the amount shall be collected together with all other taxes thereon against the property. The notice of lien shall be delivered to the county auditor before the date fixed by law for the delivery of the assessment book to the county board of equalization. 5894. Thereafter the amount of the lien shall be collected at the same time and in the same manner as ordinary city taxes are collected, and shall be subject to the same penalties and interest and to the same procedure under foreclosure and sale in case of delinquency as provided for ordinary city taxes. All laws applicable to the levy, collection and enforcement of city taxes and county taxes are hereby made applicable to such special assessment taxes. 5895. The legislative body shall have the power, in its discretion, to determine that the payment of such assessments of fifty dollars ($50) or more may be made in annual installments, in any event not to exceed 10, and that the payment of assessments so deferred shall bear interest on the unpaid balance at a rate to be determined by the legislative body, not to exceed 7 percent per annum. Said interest shall begin to run on the 31st day after the confirmation of the assessments by the legislative body. All such determinations may be expressed by resolution of the legislative body at any time prior to the confirmation of the assessments. 5895.1. If bonds are to be issued to represent the security of the unpaid assessments, upon confirmation of the report by the legislative body the superintendent of streets shall give notice to pay by mail and by publication substantially in the manner provided by Sections 4320 and 4321. The period for payment in cash stated therein shall be 30 days following the confirmation of the report. Upon completion of such cash payment period, the superintendent of streets shall file with the county recorder a certificate substantially in the form set out in Section 5891, giving notice therein that interest is payable at a rate to be fixed upon the sale of bonds, which rate shall not exceed 7 percent per annum. Thereafter the provisions of Part 5 of this division shall be applicable and payments on assessments at bond shall be made as therein provided. Such bonds may be issued and sold as the legislative body directs and may be dated at any time after the expiration of the cash payment period.
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