2005 California Streets and Highways Code Sections 1050-1054 CHAPTER 3.5. PRIVATE BYROADS
1050. For the purposes of this chapter, "private byroads" are roads opened, laid out, or altered for the purpose of providing access to parcels of contiguous private land of more than 100 acres which have been cut off by a change in the course of a navigable stream. Except as provided in this chapter, private byroads may be opened, laid out, or altered for the necessity of one or more residents or landowners of any road district in the same manner, and using the same procedure, as specified for the opening, laying out, or altering of public roads as provided in Article 3 (commencing with Section 1160) of Chapter 4; provided, however, that only one petitioner is necessary. 1051. The petitioner shall be a landowner in the road district. 1052. The petitioner shall accompany the petition with a bond, approved by the board of supervisors, in double the amount of the probable cost of the proceedings, including the market value for land taken and any severance damage resulting from the taking, and shall be conditioned that the petitioner will pay all costs of the proceedings, including any compensation which may be awarded to any landowner. The bond shall be further conditioned that the petitioner will pay to the person over whose land the private byroad is sought to be opened or altered, the necessary costs and disbursements in contesting the opening or alteration of the private byroad, in case the petition is not granted or the private byroad is finally not opened or altered. 1053. The board of supervisors may, by resolution, order the private byroad to be opened, laid out, or altered. The clerk shall cause such order to be recorded in the office of the county recorder within five days, naming the owner of the dominant tenement as "grantee" and the owner of the servient tenement as "grantor." 1054. The person for whose benefit the private byroad is required shall pay the landowner the market value for land taken and any severance damage resulting from such taking and shall build and maintain the private byroad.
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