2005 California Civil Code Sections 654-663 TITLE 1. NATURE OF PROPERTY

CIVIL CODE
SECTION 654-663

654.  The ownership of a thing is the right of one or more persons
to possess and use it to the exclusion of others.  In this Code, the
thing of which there may be ownership is called property.
655.  There may be ownership of all inanimate things which are
capable of appropriation or of manual delivery; of all domestic
animals; of all obligations; of such products of labor or skill as
the composition of an author, the good will of a business, trade
marks and signs, and of rights created or granted by statute.
656.  Animals wild by nature are the subjects of ownership, while
living, only when on the land of the person claiming them, or when
tamed, or taken and held in possession, or disabled and immediately
pursued.
657.  Property is either:
   l. Real or immovable; or,
   2. Personal or movable.
658.  Real or immovable property consists of:
   l. Land;
   2. That which is affixed to land;
   3. That which is incidental or appurtenant to land;
   4. That which is immovable by law; except that for the purposes of
sale, emblements, industrial growing crops and things attached to or
forming part of the land, which are agreed to be severed before sale
or under the contract of sale, shall be treated as goods and be
governed by the provisions of the title of this code regulating the
sales of goods.
659.  Land is the material of the earth, whatever may be the
ingredients of which it is composed, whether soil, rock, or other
substance, and includes free or occupied space for an indefinite
distance upwards as well as downwards, subject to limitations upon
the use of airspace imposed, and rights in the use of airspace
granted, by law.
660.  A thing is deemed to be affixed to land when it is attached to
it by roots, as in the case of trees, vines, or shrubs; or imbedded
in it, as in the case of walls; or permanently resting upon it, as in
the case of buildings; or permanently attached to what is thus
permanent, as by means of cement, plaster, nails, bolts, or screws;
except that for the purposes of sale, emblements, industrial growing
crops and things attached to or forming part of the land, which are
agreed to be severed before sale or under the contract of sale, shall
be treated as goods and be governed by the provisions of the title
of this code regulating the sales of goods.
662.  A thing is deemed to be incidental or appurtenant to land when
it is by right used with the land for its benefit, as in the case of
a way, or watercourse, or of a passage for light, air, or heat from
or across the land of another.
663.  Every kind of property that is not real is personal.



Disclaimer: These codes may not be the most recent version. California may have more current or accurate information. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or the information linked to on the state site. Please check official sources.