Universal Citation

Q: What's This?

A: It's the universal citation, which is sometimes called a "media-neutral" or "vendor-neutral" citation. Generally, creating a citation to a legal source allows a reader to more efficiently locate it. The citation we provide here is one that is media-neutral and does not depend on being located in a print edition of a book.

This citation is based on the second edition of the American Association of Law Libraries "Universal Citation Guide".

Note: this universal citation is not necessarily the official citation, the latter which should be used when citing to primary and secondary legal materials in court filings, scholarly publications, etc. Please check the sources below for more information.

The Blue Book - Online Ed. Note: Subscription Required

About the Blue Book

An Overview of Public Domain Legal Citation

Introduction to Basic Legal Citation (Online Ed. 2010) - Peter W. Martin