Danny Joe Dearing v. The State of Texas--Appeal from 371st District Court of Tarrant County
IN THE COURT OF APPEALS
TWELFTH COURT OF APPEALS DISTRICT
DANNY JOE DEARING,
APPEAL FROM THE 371ST
JUDICIAL DISTRICT COURT OF
THE STATE OF TEXAS,
TARRANT COUNTY, TEXAS
Danny Joe Dearing ("Appellant") pleaded guilty to the offense of indecency with a child and was sentenced to ten years of imprisonment. In one issue, Appellant argues that the State failed to prove that Appellant was "criminally responsible" for committing extraneous offenses that were contained in the trial court's pre-sentencing investigation report ("PSI"). We affirm.
On August 7, 1997, Appellant was indicted for indecency with a child, a second-degree felony, and he pleaded guilty to the charge on November 11, 2001. During Appellant's plea hearing, the trial court ordered the probation department to complete a PSI in order to take into account Appellant's social and criminal history before his sentencing hearing. (1) The PSI was completed on May 1, 2002 and contained not only statements from the victim regarding the offense, but statements from other women who also claimed that Appellant had sexually assaulted them in the past. These alleged victims made statements such as "do not turn him loose," "he has never stopped and never will stop," and "I think he's a pervert."
On June 3, the trial court heard the parties' arguments regarding sentencing. At the beginning of the hearing, the trial court admitted, without objection by Appellant, the PSI, written plea admonishments, and sex offender registration admonishments. During the hearing, the State argued that Appellant should be sentenced to no less than twelve years of imprisonment; Appellant's counsel contended that he should not be imprisoned but should receive ten years of probation.
At the conclusion of the hearing, the trial court found Appellant guilty and asked if there was any legal reason why sentence should not be imposed. After Appellant's counsel informed the court that there was no legal reason why sentence should not be imposed, the trial court sentenced Appellant to ten years of imprisonment.
In one issue, Appellant contends that he is entitled to have his guilty plea withdrawn and his case remanded for a new trial because the State did not prove beyond a reasonable doubt that he committed the extraneous offenses as described in the PSI.
Burden of Proving Extraneous Offenses Alleged in a PSI
We first note that in order to preserve an error for appellate review, the record must demonstrate that 1) a complaint was made to the trial court by a timely request, objection, or motion stating the grounds for the ruling sought by the complaining party and 2) that the trial court expressly or implicitly ruled or refused to rule on the request, objection, or motion and the complaining party objected to the trial court's refusal to rule. Tex. R. App. P. 33.1. In the instant case, the PSI was admitted into evidence without any objection by Appellant's counsel. When the trial court asked Appellant's counsel if there was any legal reason why sentence should not be imposed, Appellant's counsel answered "no." Appellant failed to object to the introduction of the PSI into evidence; therefore, any objection he has to the contents of the PSI is waived. See Moore v. State, 672 S.W.2d 242, 243 (Tex. App.-Houston [14th Dist.] 1983, no pet.) (failure to object to PSI or its contents results in waiver of argument on appeal).
Even absent waiver, Appellant's argument still fails. Before sentencing, the court must permit the defendant or his counsel to read the PSI. Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 42.12, 9(d) (Vernon Supp. 2003). The court must allow the defendant or his counsel to comment on the PSI and may allow the defendant to introduce testimony or other information alleging a factual inaccuracy in the PSI. Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 42.12, 9(e) (Vernon Supp. 2003). The defendant, not the State, bears the burden of proving that 1) the information contained in a PSI was materially inaccurate and 2) the trial court relied on inaccurate information. Garcia v. State, 930 S.W.2d 621, 623-24 (Tex. App.-Tyler 1996, no pet.). The sentencing judge is not precluded from using the PSI even if it contains hearsay information. Id. at 624 (citing Nicolopulos v. State, 838 S.W.2d 327, 328 (Tex. App.-Texarkana 1992, no pet.)).
In the instant case, the reporter's record reflects that Appellant did not introduce any evidence to meet his burden that 1) the statements from the alleged victims were inaccurate, and 2) the trial court relied on the inaccurate information when sentencing him. Accordingly, Appellant's sole issue is overruled.
The judgment of the trial court is affirmed.
JAMES T. WORTHEN
Opinion delivered May 21, 2003.
Panel consisted of Worthen, C.J. and Griffith, J.
(DO NOT PUBLISH)
1. Section 9(a) of article 42.12 of the Texas Code of Criminal Procedure mandates that the trial court direct a supervision officer to write a report stating 1) the circumstances of the defendant's offense, 2) the amount of restitution necessary to compensate the victim, 3) the defendant's criminal and social history, and 4) any other information relating to the defendant or the offense requested by the judge. Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 42.12, 9(a) (Vernon Supp. 2003).