TEXAS COURT OF APPEALS, THIRD DISTRICT, AT AUSTIN
Augustine Duran, Jr. v. The State of Texas--Appeal from 119th District Court of Tom Green County
Augustine Duran, Jr., Appellant
The State of Texas, Appellee
FROM THE DISTRICT COURT OF TOM GREEN COUNTY, 119TH JUDICIAL DISTRICT
NO. B-94-0065-S, HONORABLE BARBARA WALTHER, JUDGE PRESIDING
A jury found appellant guilty of attempted aggravated sexual assault and assessed punishment, enhanced by a previous felony conviction, at imprisonment for thirty years and a $10,000 fine. Act of May 8, 1975, 64th Leg., R.S., ch. 203, 4, 1975 Tex. Gen. Laws 476, 478 (Tex. Penal Code Ann. 15.01, since amended). We will affirm.
Appellant first contends that the district court erred by refusing to permit testimony that the victim admitted inhaling aerosol paint fumes about the time the charged offense took place. Outside the presence of the jury, the victim's cousin testified that the victim told her that she had been "spraying" or inhaling acrylics with her friends during the general time period in which appellant assaulted her. Also outside the presence of the jury, the victim admitted telling her cousin of her use of acrylics but denied any such use on the night of the offense.
Appellant contends that evidence of the victim's inhalant use around the time of the charged offense was admissible as reflecting on her credibility as a witness. See Virts v. State, 739 S.W.2d 25, 30 (Tex. Crim. App. 1987) (proof of mental illness or disturbance as reflecting on credibility). There was no evidence, however, that the victim had been abusing inhalants when she was attacked by appellant, or that the victim's alleged use of acrylics at other times had a negative effect on her ability to perceive events on the night of the offense. The district court did not err by excluding the proffered testimony. Tex. R. Crim. Evid. 404(b). Point of error one is overruled.
Appellant's other point of error complains of the overruling of his motion for new trial on the ground of unauthorized communications with jurors. Tex. R. App. P. 30(b)(7); see Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 36.22 (West 1981). One of the jurors had a cellular telephone. During a break in the jury's deliberations at the guilt-innocence stage, several jurors used this phone to call their families and tell them they were going to be late. The jurors unanimously testified that appellant's case was not discussed during any of these unauthorized conversations.
The rule against jurors conversing with unauthorized persons about a case is so strong that injury to the accused is presumed. McMahon v. State, 582 S.W.2d 786, 793 (Tex. Crim. App. 1978). This presumption is rebuttable, however. If it is shown that the case was not discussed or that nothing prejudicial to the accused was said, a new trial is not required. Mayo v. State, 708 S.W.2d 854, 856 (Tex. Crim. App. 1986); McMahon, 582 S.W.2d at 793. In light of the undisputed testimony that appellant's case was not discussed during the unauthorized telephone conversations, the district court did not err by overruling the motion for new trial. Point of error two is overruled.
The judgment of conviction is affirmed.
Before Justices Powers, Kidd and B. A. Smith
Filed: May 31, 1995
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