John Vallian v. The State of Texas /**/
John Vallian v. State of Texas--Appeal from 13th District Court of Navarro County
TENTH COURT OF APPEALS
THE STATE OF TEXAS,
From the 13th District Court
Navarro County, Texas
Trial Court Nos. 25,120, 25,229 and 25,230
O P I N I O N
The court revoked John Pitts Vallian s probation for felony criminal mischief (nos. 25,120 and 25,230), and burglary of a habitation (no. 25,229). Vallian presents one point on appeal. Vallian claims that it was the intent of the trial court that two sentences run concurrently and the third run consecutively after the expiration of the first two, as expressed in the court s oral pronouncement. However, the written order provides that all three run consecutively. He requests that we reform the judgment revoking probation to reflect the oral pronouncement of the trial court.
In 1993, Vallian pleaded guilty and was sentenced to ten years confinement for each offense. The court suspended imposition of sentence and placed him on probation for ten years. The State filed a Motion to Revoke in November 1999. The court granted the Motion to Revoke in all three causes and orally pronounced sentence that causes 25,120 and 25,230 would run concurrently and that cause 25,229 would run consecutively from the end of the time of incarceration for the other two causes. The written orders effectively provide that the sentences would run consecutively. Vallian appealed in March 2000. Subsequently, the trial court entered a nunc pro tunc order on June 6, 2000, purporting to correct the conflict between the oral pronouncement and the judgment revoking probation.
The purpose of a nunc pro tunc order is to correctly reflect the judgment actually made by the court when not entered correctly. Ex parte Dopps, 723 S.W.2d 669, 670 (Tex. Crim. App. 1986). A nunc pro tunc order may be used to correct clerical errors in a judgment, not judicial admissions. Alvarez v. State, 605 S.W.2d 615, 617 (Tex. Crim. App. 1980). An error in entry of judgment is considered clerical so long as it is not a product of judicial reasoning. Id. The trial court must also have jurisdiction to enter a nunc pro tunc order. Notice of Appeal by the defendant divests the trial court of jurisdiction to enter a nunc pro tunc order. Ex parte Sisk, 317 S.W.2d 750, 751 (Tex. Crim. App. 1958). The trial court is without jurisdiction to correct the clerical error in the record until the appeal is final. Bradshaw v. State, 331 S.W.2d 52, 53 (Tex. Crim. App. 1959). Absent appeal, the trial court may at any time make clerical corrections in a judgment and sentence, nunc pro tunc. State v. Evans, 817 S.W.2d 807, 809 (Tex. App. Waco 1991, rev d on other grounds, 876 S.W.2d 459 (Tex. Crim. App. 1992) (citing Alvarez, 605 S.W.2d at 617).
Vallian filed his Notice of Appeal prior to the nunc pro tunc order and consequently divested the trial court of jurisdiction to enter a nunc pro tunc order. The nunc pro tunc order signed in this case is void.
The Texas Court of Criminal Appeals recently held that when there is a variation between the oral pronouncement of sentence and the written memorialization of the sentence, the oral pronouncement controls. Coffey v. State, 979 S.W.2d 326, 329 (Tex. Crim. App. 1998).
In Vallian s case, the oral pronouncement of sentence conflicts with the written order. According to Coffey, the oral pronouncement of sentence by the trial court controls over the written order in this case and the written order should be modified.
Appellate courts are authorized to modify judgments to make the record speak the truth. Campos v. State, 927 S.W.2d 232, 236 (Tex. App. Waco 1996, no pet.)(citing French v. State, 830 S.W.2d 607, 609 (Tex. Crim. App. 1992)). Where the appellate court has evidence and information before it for modification, the judgment may be modified to reflect the sentence pronounced. Banks v. State, 708 S.W.2d 460 (Tex. Crim. App. 1986). In this case, the reporter s record reflects that the oral pronouncement of the trial judge intended to cumulate cause nos. 25,120 and 25,230, then have cause no. 25,229 run consecutively from the completion of sentence on the first two causes.
Accordingly, we sustain appellant s first point and modify the judgment to state:
the sentences in cause numbers 25,120 and 25,230 shall run concurrently. The sentence in cause number 25,229 shall begin when the sentences in cause numbers 25,120 and 25,230 shall have ceased to operate.
We affirm the judgment as modified.
REX D. DAVIS
Before Chief Justice Davis
Justice Vance and
Affirmed as modified
Opinion delivered and filed October 11, 2000
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