Download as PDF STATE OF MICHIGAN COURT OF APPEALS PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN, UNPUBLISHED May 25, 2001 Plaintiff-Appellant, v No. 216225 Wayne Circuit Court Criminal Division LC No. 98-009513 QUINESTER LYONS, Defendant-Appellee. Before: Markey, P.J., and Jansen and Zahra, JJ. PER CURIAM. The prosecutor appeals as of right from a circuit court order granting defendantâ s motion to quash the information. We remand for further proceedings. This case arises from the 1987 murder of Christopher Clark and disappearance of Antoinette Bates. Defendant was bound over on two counts of first-degree premeditated murder, MCL 750.316; MSA 28.548, two counts of felony murder, MCL 750.316; MSA 28.548, two counts of extortion, MCL 750.213; MSA 28.410, and the common law offense of accessory after the fact to murder.1 On appeal, the prosecutor only contests the dismissal of the charge of accessory after the fact.2 This Court reviews a trial courtâ s decision to grant or deny a motion to quash charges de novo to determine if the district court abused its discretion in binding the defendant over for trial. People v Jenkins, 244 Mich App 1, 14; ___ NW2d ___ (2000). A district court must bind a defendant over for trial when the prosecutor presents competent evidence constituting probable cause to believe that a felony was committed and the defendant committed the offense. MCL 1 See MCL 750.505; MSA 28.773. 2 While the prosecutorâ s question presented on appeal generally challenges the circuit courtâ s decision to grant defendantâ s motion to quash, the prosecutor only presents argument related to the courtâ s decision to quash the accessory charge. â An appellant may not merely announce his position and leave it to this Court to discover and rationalize the basis for his claims.â People v Kelly, 231 Mich App 627, 640-641; 588 NW2d 480 (1998). Moreover, during oral argument in this case, the prosecutor admitted that only the lower courtâ s decision to quash the accessory charge is properly presented on appeal. We therefore limit our review accordingly. -1- 766.13; MSA 28.931; MCR 6.110(E); Jenkins, supra. A district courtâ s finding of probable cause will not be disturbed unless the determination is wholly unjustified by the record. Id. To bind a defendant over for trial, there must be evidence on each element of the crime charged, or evidence from which those elements may be inferred. People v Doss, 406 Mich 90, 101; 276 NW2d 9 (1979), quoting People v Oster, 67 Mich App 490, 495; 241 NW2d 260 (1976). An accessory after the fact is one who, with knowledge of the otherâ s guilt, renders assistance to a felon in the effort to hinder his detection, arrest, trial or punishment. People v Lucas, 402 Mich 302, 305; 262 NW2d 662 (1978); People v Perry, 218 Mich App 520, 534; 554 NW2d 362 (1996). Evidence presented at defendantâ s preliminary examination established that Clarkâ s body was found in the trunk of a burning car. Bates was Clarkâ s girlfriend and has not been seen since soon after Clarkâ s murder. Bates is presumed by the prosecutor to be dead, though her body has never been found. Evidence suggested Clark and Bates were killed by Batesâ uncles, Leroy Lyons and Preston Lyons,3 after Bates stole some of their drug money. Defendant is Batesâ aunt. Evidence suggested defendant was present during some of the events leading up to Clarkâ s murder and Batesâ disappearance. Testimony at the preliminary hearing indicated defendant convinced Batesâ mother to leave Bates at Leroy Lyonsâ home and travel out of town with defendant soon after Clarkâ s murder. There was also testimony that Batesâ family members made it known they would go to the police if they discovered Leroy or Preston Lyons murdered Bates. The prosecutor alleged that defendant sought to protect Leroy and Preston by telling family members that Leroy sent Bates out of town on a bus or plane. Also, defendant allegedly told family members she saw Bates at a local festival. Witnesses testified generally that defendant had urged relatives not to contact the police for fear that family members would get into trouble. It is not clear from the record whether defendant took action that could be said to satisfy the elements of accessory after the fact within six years of her indictment of that offense. MCL 767.24; MSA 28.964. Defendant did not challenge the charge on the basis of the statute of limitations until after the preliminary examination. Consequently, we remand this case for further development of the record with respect to the accessory after the fact charge. Remanded for further proceedings consistent with this opinion. jurisdiction. We do not retain /s/ Jane E. Markey /s/ Kathleen Jansen /s/ Brian K. Zahra 3 This Court recently affirmed both menâ s first-degree murder convictions in connection with these incidents. See People v Leroy Lyons, unpublished opinion per curiam of the Court of Appeals, issued 3/27/01 (Docket No. 222430) and People v Preston Lyons, unpublished opinion per curiam of the Court of Appeals, issued 3/27/01 (Docket No. 220549). -2-