Attorneys for Respondent Attorneys for Commission On
Hon. James Danikolas Judicial Qualifications
Andrew V. Giorgi Meg W. Babcock
Crown Point, Indiana Donald R. Lundberg
Stanley W. Jablonski
IN THE INDIANA SUPREME COURT
IN THE MATTER OF THE )
HONORABLE JAMES ) Supreme Court Cause No.
DANIKOLAS, Judge of the ) 45S00-0205-JD-281
Lake Superior Court )
JUDICIAL DISCIPLINARY ACTION
February 24, 2003
This matter comes before the Court as a result of a judicial
disciplinary action brought by the Indiana Commission on Judicial
Qualifications (“Commission”) against the Respondent herein, James
Danikolas, Judge of the Lake Superior Court. Article 7, Section 4 of the
Indiana Constitution and Indiana Admission and Discipline Rule 25 give the
Indiana Supreme Court original jurisdiction over this matter.
After the Commission filed formal charges but before the matter could
be heard by the judges appointed to take evidence in this proceeding, the
parties jointly tendered a Statement of Circumstances and Conditional
Agreement for Discipline. The Court accepted the conditional agreement.
The parties have stipulated to the following facts.
On March 3, 2000, a dissolution decree was entered in Case No. 45D03-
9801-DR-00138, in Lake Superior Court III, dissolving the marriage of M.D.
(“Wife”) and J.D. (“Husband”). At that time, Husband owed Wife $38,400.00
in spousal maintenance and child support, and that sum was reduced to a
judgment in favor of Wife.
On June 19, 2000, Wife’s attorney, James Thiros, filed a motion for
proceedings supplemental, in which he asserted that Husband had paid
nothing against the judgment. On July 19, 2000, Magistrate Costa Sakelaris
presided over a hearing on the proceedings supplemental. Husband was
ordered to provide within 10 days to Mr. Thiros documentation relating to
income tax returns, an insurance policy, and his indebtedness on a vehicle.
He was also ordered to begin making payments to Wife of $300.00 per month.
The Magistrate’s order was counter-signed by Respondent.
On September 6, 2000, James Thiros filed on behalf of Wife a motion
seeking a contempt citation, alleging that Husband had failed to make any
payments as ordered and had failed to provide the documents as ordered. On
October 11, 2000, attorney Willie Harris entered an appearance for Husband.
The matter ultimately was heard by Magistrate Costa Sakelaris on
January 31, 2001. Wife appeared with James Thiros, and Husband appeared
with an associate of Willie Harris, Angela Bryant. At the conclusion of
the hearing, the Magistrate found Husband in contempt of court for non-
payment of support and for otherwise violating the court’s prior order.
She signed an order for his incarceration subject to a $10,000.00 escrow
bond. At some point after the hearing, Respondent counter-signed the order
On Monday, February 5, 2001, without prior notice to Wife or her
attorney, Respondent signed an order releasing Husband without the
necessity of posting bond. Before signing the order, Respondent did not
inquire of the Magistrate the basis for her incarceration order, nor did he
review the file or the tape of the January 31, 2001 hearing.
The parties’ agreement recites:
Respondent was prompted to sign the February 5, 2001 facsimile
form order sent by an unidentified person at the Harris Law
Office after a report from the office manager, Cheryl Freeman,
that on January 31, 2001, the Magistrate had incarcerated
Husband, who during a hearing in 2000, had to be transported by
ambulance from the courtroom to the hospital.
The February 5, 2001 order in the Record of Judgments and Orders in
the office of the Lake County Clerk originally included a facsimile header
at the top indicating the source of the order as NorthWest Engineering
(used at times by the Harris Law Office). Sometime prior to October 18,
2001, the original order was replaced by a re-typed version. The re-typed
version did not show the source of the order as NorthWest Engineering.
Respondent’s original signature is on this re-typed order. No witness or
evidence has identified the source of the re-typed order or the reason for
its creation and placement in the Records of Judgments and Orders.
Subject to certain exceptions not applicable here, Canon 3B(8) of the
Code of Judicial Conduct provides:
A judge shall accord to every person who has a legal interest in a
proceeding, or that person's lawyer, the right to be heard according
to law. A judge shall not initiate, permit, or consider ex parte
communications, or consider other communications made to the judge
outside the presence of the parties, concerning a pending or impending
proceeding . . .
The parties agree that Respondent violated Canon 3B(8) when he
considered and signed the faxed form order from the Harris Law Office
without prior notice to Wife’s attorney and without affording Wife an
opportunity to be heard on the issue.
Respondent denies any knowledge of the source of the re-typed order
described above. He denies any knowledge of the reason for its creation
and placement in the Records of Judgments and Orders. However, in light of
the fact that his signature is on the order, he accepts accountability for
the appearance of impropriety created by these circumstances.
A period of suspension is often the appropriate sanction for
violating Canon 3B(8). In the present case, however, the Judicial
Qualifications Commission has determined and requested the imposition of a
public reprimand. In light of the agreement of the Commission and
Respondent, we accept this sanction. Accordingly, James Danikolas, Judge
of the Lake Superior Court, is hereby reprimanded. This discipline
terminates the disciplinary proceedings relating to the circumstances of
this cause. The costs of this proceeding are assessed against Respondent.
All Justices concur.