D.C. Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals Case Law

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit encompasses the smallest geographic area of any of the federal circuits with appellate jurisdiction over the District of Columbia. Despite its size, the court has been a major influence on U.S. law and frequently hears litigation involving U.S. federal agencies.

More information regarding the history of the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit can be found at The Historical Society of the District of Columbia Circuit.

Browse Opinions From the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit


Recent Decisions From the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
United States v. Ross  
Date: February 24, 2017
Docket Number: 11-3115

Justia Opinion Summary: Defendant plead guilty to failing to register with local authorities under the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA), 42 U.S.C. 16901 et seq. Defendant first argued that insofar as the Attorney General t...

United States v. Borda  
Date: February 21, 2017
Docket Number: 13-3074

Justia Opinion Summary: Defendants Borda and Alvaran-Velez appealed their convictions under 21 U.S.C. 959, 960, 963 of conspiracy to distribute five kilograms or more of cocaine knowing and intending that the cocaine would be unlawfully importe...

Perry Capital LLC v. Mnuchin  
Date: February 21, 2017
Docket Number: 14-5243

Justia Opinion Summary: Under the Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008, Pub. L. No. 110-289, 122 Stat. 2654, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) became the conservator of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. In 2012, FHFA and Treasury adopted...

Bowman v. Iddon  
Date: February 21, 2017
Docket Number: 15-7118

Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiff filed suit seeking damages under Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, alleging that IRS employees barred him from representing taxpayers before the Service without due process...

United States ex rel. McBride v. Halliburton  
Date: February 17, 2017
Docket Number: 15-7144

Justia Opinion Summary: Relator filed suit against KBR, alleging violations of the False Claims Act (FCA), 31 U.S.C. 3729(a), based on KBR's alleged inflation of "headcount" data from July 2004 to March 2005. The headcount data purported to tra...

PHH Corporation v. CFPB
Date: February 16, 2017
Docket Number: 15-1177
Raymond J. Lucia Companies, In v. SEC
Date: February 16, 2017
Docket Number: 15-1345
United States v. Jackson  
Date: February 14, 2017
Docket Number: 15-3053

Justia Opinion Summary: Defendant pleaded guilty to willful failure to pay over federal employment taxes in violation of 26 U.S.C. 7202 and received an above-Guidelines sentence of imprisonment. On appeal, defendant challenged his sentence. Def...

National Security Counselors v. DOJ  
Date: February 14, 2017
Docket Number: 15-5117

Justia Opinion Summary: Two Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), 5 U.S.C. 500 et seq., requesters challenged the fees assessed against them by the DOJ for processing their requests for records. The district court awarded summary judgment to the D...

Chenari v. George Washington University  
Date: February 10, 2017
Docket Number: 16-7055

Justia Opinion Summary: Chenari, a third-year George Washington University medical student, took a test published by the National Board of Medical Examiners. Before the exam, the proctor read aloud the instructions from NBME’s official manual,...

Judicial Watch, Inc. v. DOD  
Date: February 7, 2017
Docket Number: 16-5054

Justia Opinion Summary: Judicial Watch filed suit against the DOD, alleging that the Department violated the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), 5 U.S.C. 552, when it failed to release copies of documents related to a 2014 determination by the S...

NLRB v. Tito Contractors, Inc.  
Date: February 3, 2017
Docket Number: 15-1217

Justia Opinion Summary: After Tito refused to bargain with the Union, the Union filed an unfair labor practice complaint. The Board eventually granted summary judgment, ordering Tito to bargain with the Union. Tito petitioned for review and the...

Continental Resources, Inc. v. Jewell  
Date: January 31, 2017
Docket Number: 15-5333

Justia Opinion Summary: Continental extracts gas from leased federal land and pays royalties to the Interior Department. An agency within the Interior Department began an administrative proceeding against Continental by issuing an order demandi...

Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington v. DOJ  
Date: January 31, 2017
Docket Number: 16-5110

Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiff filed suit under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA), 5 U.S.C. 704, seeking to compel the DOJ's Office of Legal Counsel (OLC) to meet its disclosure obligations under the "reading room" provision of the Free...

United States v. Vyner  
Date: January 27, 2017
Docket Number: 14-3091

Justia Opinion Summary: Defendant plead guilty to violating 18 U.S.C. 1546(a), which penalizes the knowing possession of an altered document prescribed by statute or regulation for entry into the United States. The court concluded that defendan...