2000 Fourth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals Case Law

Terry Belk; Dwayne Collins, on Behalf of Themselves and the Class They Represent, Plaintiffs-appellants,william Capacchione, Individually and on Behalf of Christina Capacchione, a Minor; Michael P. Grant; Richard Easterling; Lawrence Gauvreau; Karen Bentley; Charles Thompson; Scott C. Willard, Plaintiffs-appellees, v. the Charlotte-mecklenburg Board of Education; Eric Smith, Superintendent, in His Official Capacity; Arthur Griffin, Chairman of the Charlotte-mecklenburg School Board, in His Official Capacity, Defendants.united States of America; North Carolina School Boards Association; National School Boards Association, Amici Curiae.william Capacchione, Individually and on Behalf of Christina Capacchione, a Minor; Michael P. Grant; Richard Easterling; Lawrence Gauvreau; Karen Bentley; Charles Thompson; Scott C. Willard, Plaintiffs-appellees,andterry Belk; Dwayne Collins, on Behalf of Themselves and the Class They Represent, Plaintiffs, v. the Charlotte-mecklenburg Boardof Education; Eric Smith, Superintendent, in His Official Capacity; Arthur Griffin, Chairman of the Charlotte-mecklenburg School Board, in His Official Capacity, Defendants-appellants.united States of America; North Carolina School Boards Association; National School Boards Association, Amici Curiae.william Capacchione, Individually and on Behalf of Christina Capacchione, a Minor; Michael P. Grant; Richard Easterling; Lawrence Gauvreau; Karen Bentley; Charles Thompson; Scott C. Willard, Plaintiffs-appellees,andterry Belk; Dwayne Collins, on Behalf of Themselves and the Class They Represent, Plaintiffs, v. the Charlotte-mecklenburg Board of Education; Eric Smith, Superintendent, in His Official Capacity; Arthur Griffin, Chairman of the Charlotte-mecklenburg School Board, in His Official Capacity, Defendants-appellants. v. United States of America, Amici Curiae.william Capacchione, Individually and on Behalf of Christina Capacchione, a Minor; Michael P. Grant; Richard Easterling; Lawrence Gauvreau; Karen Bentley; Charles Thompson; Scott C. Willard, Plaintiffs-appellees,andterry Belk; Dwayne Collins, on Behalf of Themselves and the Class They Represent, Plaintiffs, v. the Charlotte-mecklenburg Boardof Education; Eric Smith, Superintendent, in His Official Capacity; Arthur Griffin, Chairman of the Charlotte-mecklenburg School Board, in His Official Capacity, Defendants-appellants.united States of America; North Carolina School Boards Association; National School Boards Association, Amici Curiae
Date: November 30, 2000
Citation: 233 F.3d 232

William Bryant Perry; Farmers for Fairness, Incorporated, Plaintiffs-appellees, v. Gary O. Bartlett, in His Official Capacity As Executive Director of the State Board of Elections of the State of North Carolina; Larry Leake, Inhis Official Capacity As Chairman of the State Board of Elections; S. Katherine Burnette, in Her Official Capacity As a Secretary of the State Board of Elections; June K. Youngblood; Dorothy Presser, in Her Official Capacity As a Member of the State Board of Elections; Faiger M. Blackwell, in His Official Capacity As a Member of the State Board of Elections; Michael F. Easley, in His Official Capacity As Attorney General for the State of North Carolina; Colon Willoughby, in His Official Capacity As District Attorney for the 10th Judicial District; William H. Andrews, in His Official Capacity As District Attorney for the 4th Judicial District; C. Branson Vickory, Iii, in His Official Capacity As District Attorney for the 8th Judicial District, Defendants-appellants,anddonald M. Jacobs, Defendant.william Bryant Perry; Farmers for Fairness, Incorporated, Plaintiffs-appellees, v. Gary O. Bartlett, in His Official Capacity As Executive Director of the State Board of Elections of the State of North Carolina; Larry Leake, in His Official Capacity As Chairman of the State Board of Elections; S. Katherine Burnette, in Her Official Capacity As a Secretary of the State Board of Elections; June K. Youngblood; Dorothy Presser, in Her Official Capacity As a Member of the State Board of Elections; Faiger M. Blackwell, in His Official Capacity As a Member of the State Board of Elections; Michael F. Easley, in His Official Capacity As Attorney General for the State of North Carolina; Colon Willoughby, in His Official Capacity As District Attorney for the 10th Judicial District; William H. Andrews, in His Official Capacity As District Attorney for the 4th Judicial District; C. Branson Vickory, Iii, in His Official Capacity As District Attorney for the 8th Judicial District, Defendants-appellants,anddonald M. Jacobs, Defendant.william Bryant Perry; Farmers for Fairness, Incorporated, Plaintiffs-appellants, v. Gary O. Bartlett, in His Official Capacity As Executive Director of the State Board of Elections of the State of North Carolina; Larry Leake, in His Official Capacity As Chairman of the State Board of Elections; S. Katherine Burnette, in Her Official Capacity As a Secretary of the State Board of Elections; June K. Youngblood; Dorothy Presser, in Her Official Capacity As a Member of the State Board of Elections; Faiger M. Blackwell, in His Official Capacity As a Member of the State Board of Elections; Michael F. Easley, in His Official Capacity As Attorney General for the State of North Carolina; Colon Willoughby, in His Official Capacity As District Attorney for the 10th Judicial District; William H. Andrews, in His Official Capacity As District Attorney for the 4th Judicial District; C. Branson Vickory, Iii, in His Official Capacity As District Attorney for the 8th Judicial District, Defendants-appellees,anddonald M. Jacobs, Defendant
Date: November 20, 2000
Citation: 231 F.3d 155

No. 00-1262
Date: November 14, 2000
Citation: 232 F.3d 383

No. 99-1893, 99-1894
Date: August 29, 2000
Citation: 225 F.3d 440

United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
Date: August 23, 2000
Citation: 225 F.3d 426

James R. Aldridge, Sr.; Margaret Aldridge; Harry W. Atkinson; Lois v. Atkinson; Wesley B. Bartlett; Anna M. Bartlett; Leonard Beard, Sr.; Theresa Beard; Carroll E. Broadwater; Marlene Broadwater; Thomas Henry Brown; Betty Lou Brown;eston C. Champ; Paul H.cordial; Earlene L. Cordial; Stanley W. Corley; C. Louise Corley; Donald A. D'atri; Shirley D'atri; Jean C. Glass; Raymond L. Haines; Mary Catherine Haines; Ernest M. Holt; Anna Myrtle Holt; Junior A. Hott; Roxalyn Hott; Carol G. Huffman; Robert M. Iser; Wanda L. Iser; Donald Johnson; Mary Ellen Johnson; Donald Larke; Judy Larke; Irvin E. Lowery; Ada L. Lowery; William R. Mccoy; Louise T. Mccoy; George v. Mckenzie; Dorothy E. Mckenzie; William J. Mckenzie; Martha Mckenzie; James B. Mills; Ann Louise Mills; Robert Mitter; Mary Louise Mitter; John E. Monahan; M. Carolyn Monahan; Russell C. Morgan; Louise Morgan; Arthur L. Neder;june E. Neder; Edith G. Norris, Individually and in Her Capacity As Personal Representative of the Estate of the Deceased, David P. Norris; Jack E. Ritchey; Helen J. Ritchey; Paul A. Shook; Genevieve E. Shook; Gerald D. Simmons; Barbara Simmons; William R. Spencer; Elva P. Spencer; Joseph R. Taylor; Anna K. Taylor; Richard F. Weese; Hazel M. Weese; Raymond E. Vinci; Shirley R. Vinci; Earl A. Winters; Betty M. Winters; William P. Zimmerman; Phyllis Zimmerman; Robert W. Haislip, As Personal Representative of the Estate of His Father Robert W. Haislip; Nellie Mae Miller; Barbara A. Fridinger, in Her Capacity As Personal Representative of the Estate of the Deceased, Percy R. Miller; Ronald E. Porter; Ruth M. Day; Phyllis R. Frost, in Her Capacity As Personal Representative of the Estate of Frank C. Day, Deceased; Mary S. Langham, Individually and in Her Capacity As Personal Representative of the Estate of George E. Langham, Deceased; Elmer L. Kroll; Doris R. Kroll; Priscilla Teter, Individually and in Her Capacity As Personal Representative of the Deceased, Brook Teter; Muriel R. Schramm, Individually and in Her Capacity As Personal Representative of the Estate of Calvin C. Schramm; Jessie Simmons, Individually and in Her Capacity As Personal Representative of the Estate of the Deceased, Leonard T. Simmons; Kathleen S. Sirbaugh, in Her Capacity As Personal Representative of the Estate of Arlan Eugene Sirbaugh, Deceased; Jacob Loar; Sarah J. Loar; Harry F. Piper; Genevieve Piper; Leroy Robertson; Ethel H. Robertson; Albert D. Stewart; Betty Stewart; Lois Schadt; Milford G. Wilson; Dorothy M. Wilson; Evelyn v. Buser, Individually and in Her Capacity As Personal Representative of the Estate of Theodore U. Buser, Deceased; Violet G. Gray, Individually and in Her Capacity As Personal Representative of the Estate of Richard R. Gray, Deceased; Yoland T. Taccino; Thomas Rodger Taccino, Personal Representative of the Estate of Edmund Joseph Taccino, Deceased; Anna M. Cole, Personal Representative of the Estate of Charles B. Cole, Deceased; Mary Kathleen Jenkins, Individually and in Her Capacity As Personal Representative of the Estate of Richard Toll Jenkins, Deceased; Jeremy Edward, Surviving Minor Grandchild of Richard Toll Jenkins, Deceased to the Use of Mary Kathleen Jenkins, Surviving Spouse of Richard Toll Jenkins, Deceased; Donald J. Folk; Arthur C. Tichnell; Carrie A. Tichnell; Waneda C. Bridges, Individually and in Her Capacity As Personal Representative of the Estate of Nevin H. Bridges, Deceased; Gilbert L. Zimmerman; Rebecca Zimmerman; Leroy E. Gross; Carol M. Gross; Leonard D. White; Gladys Fay White; Eugene L. Zimmerman, Jr.; Phyllis M. Zimmerman; Webster Bruce Long, Iii; Leona Phares Long; Louis E. Schadt, Jr.; Terry Tressler; Margaret Tressler, As Personal Representatives of the Estate of Robert C. Huffman; Raymond L. Champ, As Personal Representative of the Estate of Elsie Champ, Deceased; Carolyn A. Wagner, As Personal Representative of the Estate of Richard H. Glass, Deceased; Jeane R. Kennell, As Personal Representative of the Estate of Richard H. Glass, Deceased; Lois J. Schadt, As Personal Representative of the Estate of Louis E. Schadt, De
Date: August 11, 2000
Citation: 223 F.3d 263

Richmond Medical Center for Women; William G. Fitzhugh, M.d.; Hillcrest Clinic; Herbert C. Jones, Jr., M.d.; Planned Parenthood of Metropolitan Washington, Dc, Incorporated; Virginia League for Planned Parenthood; Planned Parent Hood of the Blue Ridge, Plaintiffs-appellees, v. James Gilmore, in His Official Capacity As Governor of the State of Virginia; David M. Hicks, in His Official Capacity As Commonwealth Attorney for the City of Richmond; Donald S. Caldwell, in His Official Capacity As Commonwealth Attorney for the County of Roanoke; Howard Gwynn, in His Official Capacity As Commonwealth Attorney for the City of Newport News; Charles D. Griffith, Jr., in His Official Capacity As Commonwealth Attorney for the City of Norfolk; Robert F. Horan, Jr., in His Official Capacity As Commonwealth Attorney for the County of Fairfax; James L. Camblos, Iii, in His Official Capacity As Commonwealth Attorney for the County of Albemarle, Defendants-appellants.richmond Medical Center for Women; William G. Fitzhugh, M.d.; Hillcrest Clinic; Herbert C. Jones, Jr., M.d.; Planned Parenthood of Metropolitan Washington, Dc, Incorporated; Virginia League for Planned Parenthood; Planned Parent Hood of the Blue Ridge, Plaintiffs-appellees, v. James Gilmore, in His Official Capacity As Governor of the State of Virginia; David M. Hicks, in His Official Capacity As Commonwealth Attorney for the City of Richmond; Donald S. Caldwell, in His Official Capacity As Commonwealth Attorney for the County of Roanoke; Howard Gwynn, in His Official Capacity As Commonwealth Attorney for the City of Newport News; Charles D. Griffith, Jr., in His Official Capacity As Commonwealth Attorney for the City of Norfolk; Robert F. Horan, Jr., in His Official Capacity As Commonwealth Attorney for the County of Fairfax; James L. Camblos, Iii, in His Official Capacity As Commonwealth Attorney for the County of Albemarle, Defendants-appellants
Date: August 9, 2000
Citation: 224 F.3d 337

Hurshel L. Ashcraft, et al., Plaintiffs, v. Conoco, Incorporated, Defendant-appellee,wilmington Star-news, Incorporated, Appellant,andkayo Oil Company; Triangle Facilities, Incorporated, Defendants.associated Press; the News & Observer; the Charlotte Observer; the Baltimore Sun Company; Richmond Timesdispatch; the Mcgraw-hill Companies, Incorporated; the Washington Post; Gannett Company, Incorporated; Dow Jones and Company, Incorporated; North Carolina Press Association; the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, Amici Curiae.hurshel L. Ashcraft, et al., Plaintiffs, v. Conoco, Incorporated, Defendant-appellee,kirsten B. Mitchell, Appellant,andkayo Oil Company; Triangle Facilities, Incorporated, Defendants.associated Press; the News & Observer; the Charlotte Observer; the Baltimore Sun Company; Richmond Timesdispatch; the Mcgraw-hill Companies, Incorporated; the Washington Post; Gannett Company, Incorporated; Dow Jones and Company, Incorporated; North Carolina Press Association; the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, Amici Curiae.hurshel L. Ashcraft, et al., Plaintiffs, v. Conoco, Incorporated, Defendant-appellee,wilmington Star-news, Incorporated, Appellant,andkayo Oil Company; Triangle Facilities, Incorporated, Defendants.associated Press; the News & Observer; the Charlotte Observer; the Baltimore Sun Company; Richmond Timesdispatch; the Mcgraw-hill Companies, Incorporated; the Washington Post; Gannett Company, Incorporated; Dow Jones and Company, Incorporated; North Carolina Press Association; the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, Amici Curiae.hurshel L. Ashcraft, et al., Plaintiffs, v. Conoco, Incorporated, Defendant-appellee,kirsten B. Mitchell, Appellant,andkayo Oil Company; Triangle Facilities, Incorporated, Defendants.associated Press; the News & Observer; the Charlotte Observer; the Baltimore Sun Company; Richmond Timesdispatch; the Mcgraw-hill Companies, Incorporated; the Washington Post; Gannett Company, Incorporated; Dow Jones and Company, Incorporated; North Carolina Press Association; the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, Amici Curiae.united States of America, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Kirsten B. Mitchell, Defendant-appellant,associated Press; the News & Observer; the Charlotte Observer; the Baltimore Sun Company; Richmond Timesdispatch; the Mcgraw-hill Companies, Incorporated; the Washington Post; Gannett Company, Incorporated; Dow Jones and Company, Incorporated; North Carolina Press Association; the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, Amici Curiae
Date: July 26, 2000
Citation: 218 F.3d 288

Kingdom of Spain, Claimant-appellant,andcommonwealth of Virginia, Ex Rel William A. Pruitt, Commissioner of Marine Resources and Chairman of the Virginia Marine Resources Commission; Alpha Quest Corporation; Richard L. Cook, an Individual Resident of Ocean City, Maryland, Claimants,andunited States of America; Columbus-america Discovery Group; Salvors, Incorporated; Cobb Coin Company, Incorporated; Intersal, Incorporated; Enterprise Marine, Incorporated; Quicksilver, Incorporated; Deep Sea Research, Incorporated; State of North Carolina, Amici Curiae.sea Hunt, Incorporated, Plaintiff-appellant,andcommonwealth of Virginia, Intervenor-plaintiff, v. the Unidentified Shipwrecked Vessel or Vessels, Their Apparel, Tackle, Appurtenances,and Cargo Located Within Coordinates 38 Degrees 01' 36" North Latitude, 75 Degrees 14' 33" West Longitude; 37 Degrees 57' 21" North Latitude, 75 Degrees 13' 00" West Longitude; 38 Degrees 01' 36" North Latitude, 75 Degrees 13' 14" West Longitude; 37 Degrees 57' 33" North Latitude, 75 Degrees 17' 44" West Longitude And/or 37 Degrees 55' 00" North Latitude,75 Degrees 19' 18" West Longitude; 37 Degrees 54' 09" North Latitude, 75 Degrees 17' 00" West Longitude; 37degrees 51' 21" North Latitude, 75 Degrees 18' 52" West Longitude; 37 Degrees 52' 20" North Latitude, 75 Degrees 21' 05" West Longitude, in Rem, Defendant,kingdom of Spain, Claimant-appellee,andcommonwealth of Virginia, Ex Rel William A. Pruitt, Commissioner of Marine Resources and Chairman of the Virginia Marine Resources Commission; Alpha Quest Corporation; Richard L. Cook, an Individual Resident of Ocean City, Maryland, Claimants, Andunited States of America; Columbus-america Discovery Group; Salvors, Incorporated; Cobb Coin Company, Incorporated; Intersal, Incorporated; Enterprise Marine, Incorporated; Quicksilver, Incorporated; Deep Sea Research, Incorporated; State of North Carolina, Amici Curiae
Date: July 21, 2000
Citation: 221 F.3d 634

In Re: Byron Jones, A/k/a Carl Lee, A/k/a B, Movant
Date: July 18, 2000
Citation: 226 F.3d 328

No. 98-1467 (ca-96-1633-a)
Date: May 25, 2000
Citation: 213 F.3d 805

Valero Terrestrial Corporation; Lackawanna Transport Company; Solid Waste Services, Incorporated, D/b/a J.p. Mascaro & Sons, Plaintiffs-appellants, v. James H. Paige, Secretary, Department of Tax and Revenue of the State of West Virginia; Darrell v. Mcgraw, Jr., Honorable, Attorney General of the State of West Virginia; B.f. "cap" Smith, Chief of the Division of Waste Management for the Division of Enviromental Protection; Laidley Eli Mccoy, Director, Division of Enviromental Protection, of the Department of Labor, Commerce and Environmental Resources of the State of West Virginia, Defendants-appellees,andjohn Ranson, Secretary, Department of Labor, Commerce and Enviromental Resources of the State of West Virginia; Public Service Commission of West Virginia, Defendants,andlarry Harless, Respondent.valero Terrestrial Corporation; Lackawanna Transport Company; Solid Waste Services, Incorporated, D/b/a J.p. Mascaro & Sons, Plaintiffs-appellees, v. James H. Paige, Secretary, Department of Tax and Revenue of the State of West Virginia; Darrell v. Mcgraw, Jr., Honorable, Attorney General Ofthe State of West Virginia; B.f. "cap" Smith, Chief of the Division of Waste Management for the Division of Enviromental Protection; Laidley Eli Mccoy, Director, Division of Enviromental Protection of the Department of Labor, Commerce and Enviromental Resources of the State of West Virginia, Defendants-appellants, and John Ranson, Secretary, Department of Labor, Commerce and Enviromental Resources of the State of West Virginia; Public Service Commission of West Virginia, Defendants,andlarry Harless, Respondent
Date: April 20, 2000
Citation: 211 F.3d 112

Plaintiff v. Defendant
Date: April 4, 2000
Citation: 209 F.3d 353

Moore Brothers Company, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Brown & Root, Incorporated, Defendant-appellant,andhighlands Insurance Company, Defendant,andtoll Road Investors Partnership Ii, L.p., Third Party Defendant.moore Brothers Company, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Highlands Insurance Company, Defendant-appellant,andbrown & Root, Incorporated, Defendant,andtoll Road Investors Partnership Ii, L.p., Third Party Defendant.moore Brothers Company, Plaintiff-appellant, v. Brown & Root, Incorporated; Highlands Insurance Company, Defendants-appellees,andtoll Road Investors Partnership Ii, L.p., Third Party Defendant.lane Construction Corporation, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Brown & Root, Incorporated, Defendant-appellant,andhighlands Insurance Company, Defendant,andtoll Road Investors Partnership Ii, L.p.; State Street Bank & Trust Companyof Connecticut, Na; Banque Nationale De Paris, New York Branch, Third Party Defendants.lane Construction Corporation, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Highlands Insurance Company, Defendant-appellant,andbrown & Root, Incorporated, Defendant,andtoll Road Investors Partnership Ii, L.p.; State Street Bank & Trust Companyof Connecticut, Na; Banque Nationale De Paris, New York Branch, Third Party Defendants.lane Construction Corporation, Plaintiff-appellant, v. Brown & Root, Incorporated; Highlands Insurance Company, Defendants-appellees,andtoll Road Investors Partnership Ii, L.p.; State Street Bank & Trust Companyof Connecticut, Na; Banque Nationale De Paris, New York Branch, Third Party Defendants
Date: March 30, 2000
Citation: 207 F.3d 717

Renee Lowery; Lisa S. Peterson, Plaintiffs-appellees,andshelby Mcknight; Gregory Fleming; Sonya Hairston; Dynelle Johnson; Nadra Smith; Ponnette Smith; Sheila Smith; Patricia Spencer; Edward Stokes, Plaintiffs, v. Circuit City Stores, Incorporated, Defendant-appellant.chamber of Commerce of the United States of America; Washington Legal Foundation; Equal Employment Advisory Council; National Retail Federation; Equal Employment Opportunity Commission; Naacp Legal Defense and Education Fund, Inc., Amici Curiae.shelby Mcknight; Gregory Fleming; Renee Lowery; Nadra Smith; Ponnette Smith; Sheila Smith; Patricia Spencer; Edward Stokes; Lisa S. Peterson, Plaintiffs-appellants,andsonya Hairston; Dynelle Johnson, Plaintiffs, v. Circuit City Stores, Incorporated, Defendant-appellee.chamber of Commerce of the United States of America; Washington Legal Foundation; Equal Employment Advisory Council; National Retail Federation; Equal Employment Opportunity Commission; Naacp Legal Defense and Education Fund, Inc., Amici Curiae.shelby Mcknight; Renee Lowery; Lisa S. Peterson, Plaintiffs-appellees,andgregory Fleming; Sonya Hairston; Dynelle Johnson; Nadra Smith; Ponnette Smith; Sheila Smith; Patricia Spencer; Edward Stokes, Plaintiffs, v. Circuit City Stores, Incorporated, Defendant-appellant.equal Employment Opportunity Commission; Naacp Legal Defense and Education Fund, Inc., Amici Curiae.renee Lowery, Plaintiff-appellee,andshelby Mcknight; Gregory Fleming; Sonya Hairston; Dynelle Johnson; Nadra Smith; Ponnette Smith; Sheila Smith; Patricia Spencer; Edward Stokes; Lisa S. Peterson, Plaintiffs, v. Circuit City Stores, Incorporated, Defendant-appellant
Date: March 14, 2000
Citation: 206 F.3d 431

The Insurance Company of North America; Commercial Union Insurance Company; William H. Mcgee & Company, Incorporated; Royal Insurance; Royal Insurance Company of America; Chubb & Son, Incorporated; Salvage Association; Underwriters at Lloyd's; London Assurance; Alliance Assurance Company, Limited; Guardian Royal Exchange; Royal Exchange Assurance; Indemnity Mutual Marine Assurance Company; Indemnity Marine Assurance Company, Limited; Sun Insurance Company of New York; Sun Insurance Office, Limited; Marine Insurance Company, Limited; Indemnity Marine; London Associated Corporation; Royal Associated Corporation; Royal Marine; Indemnity Mutual; Royal Exchange & London Offices; Union Bank of London; Dennis Standefer; the R/v Liberty Star, Her Master, Officers, Crew, and All Persons Aboard; Board of Trustees of Columbia University; Lamont-doherty Geological Institute; S. S. George Law Partnership; Boston Salvage Consultants, Incorporated, Claimaints.columbus-america Discovery Group, Plaintiff-appellant,andtrustees of Columbia University in the City of New York; Jack F. Grimm; Joanne Lampe Charlton, Personal Representative of the Estate of Harry G. John, Intervenors-plaintiffs, v. Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company; Commercial Union Assurance Company, Limited; Royal Insurance Company, Limited; Sun Alliance Group; Greof America Corporation; Superintendent of Insurance of the State of New York, Claimants-appellees,andthe Unidentified Wrecked and Abandoned Sailing Vessel, Its Engines, Tackle, Apparel, Appurtenances, Cargo, Etc., Located Within a Box Defined by the Following Coordinates: Northern Boundary--31 Degrees 37 Minutes North Latitude; Southern Boundary--31 Degrees 33 Minutes North Latitude;western Boundary--77 Degrees 2 Minutes West Longitude, (believed to Be the S.s. Central America), in Rem, Defendant,the Insurance Company of North America; Commercial Union Insurance Company; William H. Mcgee & Company, Incorporated; Royal Insurance; Royal Insurance Company of America; Chubb & Son, Incorporated; Salvage Association; Underwriters at Lloyd's; London Assurance; Alliance Assurance Company, Limited; Guardian Royal Exchange; Royal Exchange Assurance; Indemnity Mutual Marine Assurance Company; Indemnity Marine Assurance Company, Limited; Sun Insurance Company of New York; Sun Insurance Office, Limited; Marine Insurance Company, Limited; Indemnity Marine; London Associated Corporation; Royal Associated Corporation; Royal Marine; Indemnity Mutual; Royal Exchange & London Offices; Union Bank of London; Dennis Standefer; the R/v Liberty Star, Her Master, Officers, Crew, and All Persons Aboard; Board of Trustees of Columbia University; Lamont-doherty Geological Institute; S. S. George Law Partnership; Boston Salvage Consultants, Incorporated, Claimaints
Date: February 8, 2000
Citation: 203 F.3d 291