1999 Fourth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals Case Law

At&t Communications of Virginia, Incorporated, Plaintiff-appellant,andmci Telecommunications Corporation, a Delaware Corporation; Mcimetro Access Transmission Services of Virginia, Incorporated, a Virginia Corporation, Plaintiffs, v. Bell Atlantic-virginia, Incorporated; Hullihen Williams Moore, in His Official Capacity As Commissioner of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission; I. Clinton Miller, in His Official Capacity As Commissioner of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission; Theodore v. Morrison, Jr., in His Official Capacity As Commissioner of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission; State Corporation Commission, Commonwealth of Virginia, Defendants-appellees,andrichard Cullen, Attorney General of Virginia, Intervenor-defendant,andfederal Communications Commission, Party in Interest.mci Telecommunications Corporation, a Delaware Corporation; Mcimetro Access Transmission Services of Virginia, Incorporated, a Virginia Corporation, Plaintiffs-appellants,andat&t Communications of Virginia, Incorporated, Intervenor-plaintiff, v. Bell Atlantic-virginia, Incorporated; Hullihen Williams Moore, in His Official Capacity As Commissioner of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission; I. Clinton Miller, in His Official Capacity As Commissioner of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission; Theodore v. Morrison, Jr., in His Official Capacity As Commissioner Ofthe Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission; State Corporation Commission, Commonwealth of Virginia, Defendants-appellees,andrichard Cullen, Attorney General of Virginia, Intervenor-defendant,andfederal Communications Commission, Party in Interest.mci Telecommunications Corporation, a Delaware Corporation; Mcimetro Access Transmission Services of Virginia, Incorporated, a Virginia Corporation; At&t Communications of Virginia, Incorporated, Plaintiffs-appellees, v. Bell Atlantic-virginia, Incorporated, Defendant-appellant, and Hullihen Williams Moore, in His Official Capacity As Commissioner of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission; I. Clinton Miller, in His Official Capacity As Commissioner of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission; Theodore v. Morrison, Jr., in His Official Capacity As Commissioner of the Commonwealth of Virginia State Corporation Commission; State Corporation Commission, Commonwealth of Virginia, Defendants, and Richard Cullen, Attorney General of Virginia, Intervenor-defendant,andfederal Communications Commission, Party in Interest
Date: December 15, 1999
Citation: 197 F.3d 663

United States of America, Ex Rel. Syed Rahman, M.d., Plaintiff-appellant,andsyed Rahman, M.d., Plaintiff, v. Oncology Associates, P.c.; Oncology Services Corporation; Douglas Colkitt, M.d.; Jerome Derdel, M.d.; Joanne Russell; Oncology Funding Corporation; Stoneboro Oncology Associates, P.c.; Warren Oncology Associates, P.c.; Phoenixville Oncology Associates, P.c.; Littlestown Oncology Associates, P.c.; Lehighton Oncology Associates, P.c.; Exton Oncology Associates, P.c.; Bucks County Oncology Associates, P.c.; Greenbelt Cancer Treatment Center, L.p.; Atlantic Radiation Oncology L.l.c.; Derdel Randallstown Oncology Associates, P.c.; Atlantic Radiation Oncology Associates, P.c.; Derdel Union Memorial Oncology Associates, P.c.; Derdel Riverside Oncology Associates, P.c.; Derdel Chesapeake Oncology Associates, P.c.; Okeechobee Oncology Associates, P.a.; Key West Oncology Associates, P.a.; Tampa Oncology Associates, P.a.; Treasure Coast Oncology Associates, P.a.; Lauderdale Lakes Oncology, P.a.; St. Lawrence Oncology, P.c.; Liberty Oncology Associates, P.c.; Community Radiation Therapy Associates, P.c.; Kings Plaza Radiology, P.c.; Southern New Jersey Cancer Treatment; Williams County Oncology Associates, P.c.; Park Oncology Associates, P.c.; Parks Oncology Associates, Incorporated; Ghcc Incorporated F.k.a. Greater Harrisburg Cancer Center, Incorporated; Mgh Cancer Treatmentcenter, L.p.; Oncology Services Corporation of Lawnwood; Keys Cancer Center Limited Partnership; Xcc, Incorporated; Gpcc, Incorporated; Ircc, Incorporated; Krtc, Incorporated; Lvcc, Incorporated; Mghcc, Incorporated; Mhcc, Incorporated; Maryland General Cancer Center, Incorporated; St. Lucie County Radiation Oncology, Limited; Oncology Associates, Pc/indiana; Oncology Associates, Pc/albemarle; Derdel Maryland General Oncology Associates, Pc; Derdel Mgh Oncology Associates, Pc; Kankakee Oncology Associates, Pc; Oncology Associates, Pc/harrisburg; Pleasant Hills Oncology Associates, Pc; Oncology Associates, Pc/lebanon; Oncology Associates, Pc/salisbury; Flagstaff Oncology Associates, Pc; Fort Pierce Oncology Associates, Pc; Greenway Oncology Associates, Pc; Greater Pittsburgh Oncology Associates, Pc; Northwest Radiation Treatment Services, Incorporated; Marlton Oncology, Pc; Randallstown Oncology Center, Incorporated; Westchester Oncology, Pc; Chesapeake Regional Cancer Center, Incorporated; Union Memorial Oncology Center, Incorporated; Williams County Oncology Associates, Incorporated; Tristate Oncology Associates, Incorporated; Heritage Hills Medical, Lp; Riverside Oncology; Jefferson Radiation Oncology Center, Lp; Albemarle Regional Cancer Center, Lp; Broward Radiation Therapy Corporation; Lake Okeechobee Cancer Center, Incorporated; Lawnwood Regional Cancer Center, Lp; Oncology Services Corporation of Key West, Incorporated; Oneonta Radiation Oncology, Pc; Oncology Services Corporation of Tampa, Incorporated; Greenbelt Cancer Treatment Center; Billing Services, Incorporated; National Medical Financial Services Corporation; Colkitt Oncology Group, Incorporated; Equimed, Incorporated; Defendants-appellees,andgreater Harrisburg Cancer Center, Incorporated; Oncology Associates, Pc/life Care; Oncology Associates, Pc/heritage Hills; Oncology Associates, Pc/pittsburgh; Cancer Center of Northern Arizona Ptr; Salisbury Radiation Oncology Center, Incorporated; Medtrend Health Systems, Incorporated; St. Lawrence Oncology, Pc/ogdensburg; Pmcb, Incorporated; St. Lawrence Oncology, Pc/brooklyn; Skyline Oncology Associates, P.c. Pittsburgh, Pa; Malone Oncology Associates, P.c., State College, Pa; Nixon Equipment Corporation, a Corporation Formed Under the Laws of Nevis State College, Pa; Thomas Jefferson Real Estate Corporation, a Corporation Formed Under the Laws of Nevis State College, Pa; George Washington Real Estate Corporation, a Corporation Formed Under the Laws of Nevis State College, Pa; Oaktree Cancer Care, Incorporated, Pittsburgh, Pa; Keystone Oncology, Llc, State College Pa; Eastern Pennsylvania Oncology, Llc; Massachusetts Radiation Oncology Services, P.
Date: December 14, 1999
Citation: 198 F.3d 502

United States of America, Ex Rel. Syed Rahman, M.d.; Syed Rahman, M.d., Plaintiffs-appellees, v. Oncology Associates, P.c.; Oncology Services Corporation; Douglas Colkitt, M.d.; Jerome Derdel, M.d.; Joanne Russell; Oncology Funding Corporation; Stoneboro Oncology Associates, P.c.; Warren Oncology Associates, P.c.; Phoenixville Oncology Associates, P.c.; Littlestown Oncology Associates, P.c.; Lehighton Oncology Associates, P.c.; Exton Oncology Associates, P.c.; Bucks County Oncology Associates, P.c.; Greenbelt Cancer Treatment Center, L.p.; Derdel Randallstown Oncology Associates, P.c.; Atlantic Radiation Oncology Associates, P.c.; Derdel Union Memorial Oncology Associates, P.c.; Derdel Riverside Oncology Associates,p.c.; Derdel Chesapeake Oncology Associates, P.c.; Okeechobee Oncology Associates, P.a.; Key West Oncology Associates, P.a.; Tampa Oncology Associates, P.a.; Treasure Coast Oncology Associates, P.a.; Lauderdale Lakes Oncology, P.a.; St. Lawrence Oncology P.c.; Liberty Oncology Associates, P.c.; Community Radiation Therapy Associates, P.c.; Kings Plaza Radiology, P.c.; Southern New Jersey Cancer Treatment; Williams County Oncology Associates, P.c.; Park Oncology Associates, P.c.; Parks Oncology Associates, Incorporated; Ghcc Incorporated, F.k.a. Greater Harrisburg Cancer Center, Inc.; Mgh Cancer Treatment Center, L.p.; Oncology Services Corporation of Lawnwood; Keys Cancer Center Limited Partnership; Xcc Incorporated; Gpcc, Incorporated; Ircc, Incorporated; Krtc, Incorporated; Lvcc, Incorporated; Mghcc, Incorporated; Mhcc, Incorporated; Maryland General Cancercenter, Incorporated; St. Lucie County Radiation Oncology, Limited; Oncology Associates, P.c./indiana; Oncology Associates, P.c./albemarle; Derdel Maryland General Oncology Associates, P.c.; Derdel Mgh Oncology Associates, P.c.; Kankakee Oncology Associates, P.c.; Oncology Associates, P.c./harrisburg; Pleasant Hills Oncology Associates, P.c.; Oncology Associates, P.c./lebanon; Oncology Associates, P.c./salisbury; Flagstaff Oncology Associates, P.c.; Fort Pierce Oncology Associates, P.c.; Greenway Oncology Associates, P.c.; Greater Pittsburgh Oncology Associates, P.c.; Marlton Oncology, P.c.; Randallstown Oncology Center, Incorporated; Westchester Oncology, P.c.; Chesapeake Regional Cancer Center, Incorporated; Union Memorial Oncology Center, Incorporated; Williams County Oncology Associates, Incorporated; Tri-state Oncology Associates, Incorporated; Heritage Hills Medical, L.p.; Riverside Oncology; Jefferson Radiation Oncology Center, L.p.; Albemarle Regional Cancer Center, L.p.; Broward Radiation Therapy Corporation; Lake Okeechobee Cancer Center, Incorporated; Lawnwood Regional Cancer Center, L.p.; Oncology Services Corporation of Key West, Incorporated; Oneonta Radiation Oncology, P.c.; Oncology Services Corporation of Tampa, Incorporated; Greenbelt Cancer Treatment Center; Billing Services, Incorporated; National Medical Financial Services Corporation; Colkitt Oncology Group, Incorporated; Equimed, Incorporated, Defendants-appellants,andatlantic Radiation Oncology, L.l.c.; Northwest Radiation Treatment Services, Incorporated; Greater Harrisburg Cancer Center, Incorporated; Oncology Associates, P.c./life Care; Oncology Associates, P.c./heritage Hills; Oncology Associates, P.c./pittsburgh; Cancer Center of Northern Arizona Ptr; Salisbury Radiation Oncology Center, Incorporated; Medtrend Health Systems, Incorporated; St. Lawrence Oncology, P.c./ogdensburg; Pmcb, Incorporated; St. Lawrence Oncology, P.c./brooklyn; Skyline Oncology Associates, P.c. Pittsburgh, Pa; Malone Oncology Associates, P.c., State College, Pa; Nixon Equipment Corporation, a Corporation Formed Under the Laws of Nevis State College, Pa; Thomas Jefferson Real Estate Corporation, a Corporation Formed Under the Law of Nevis State College, Pa; George Washington Real Estate Corporation, a Corporation Formed Under the Laws of Nevis State College, Pa; Oaktree Cancer Care, Incorporated, Pittsburgh, Pa; Keystone Oncology, L.l.c., State College, Pa; Eastern Pennsylvania Oncology, L.l.c.; Massachu
Date: November 8, 1999
Citation: 198 F.3d 489

Food Lion, Incorporated, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Capital Cities/abc, Inc.; Lynne Litt, A/k/a Lynne Neufes; Abc Holding Company; American Broadcasting Companies, Incorporated; Richard N. Kaplan; Ira Rosen; Susan Barnett, Defendants-appellants,advance Publications, Incorporated; Associated Press; the Association of American Publishers; Cbs Broadcasting, Incorporated; Cable News Network, Incorporated; Gannett Company, Incorporated; the Hearst Corporation; King World Productions, Incorporated; Mcclatchy Newspapers, Incorporated; the National Association of Broadcasters; National Broadcasting Company, Incorporated; the Newspaper Association of America; National Public Radio, Incorporated; the New York Times Company; the Radio-television News Directors Association; the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press; Investigative Reporters; Editors, Incorporated; National Grocers Association; International Mass Retail Association; William E. Lee; John Demott; Robert Ellis Smith; Mike Rosen; Accuracy in Media; Media Esearch Center; Atlantic Legal Foundation; Southeastern Legal Foundation, Amici Curiae.food Lion, Incorporated, Plaintiff-appellant, v. Capital Cities/abc, Inc.; Lynne Litt, A/k/a Lynne Neufes; Abc Holding Company; American Broadcasting Companies, Incorporated; Richard N. Kaplan; Ira Rosen; Susan Barnett, Defendants-appellees, Advance Publications, Incorporated; Associated Press; the Association of American Publishers; Cbs Broadcasting, Incorporated; Cable News Network, Incorporated; Gannett Company, Incorporated; the Hearst Corporation; King World Productions, Incorporated; Mcclatchy Newspapers, Incorporated; the National Association of Broadcasters; National Broadcasting Company, Incorporated; the Newspaper Association of America; National Public Radio, Incorporated; the New York Times Company; the Radio-television News Directors Association; the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press; National Grocers Association; International Mass Retail Association; William E. Lee; John Demott; Robert Ellis Smith; Mike Rosen; Accuracy in Media; Media Research Center; Atlantic Legal Foundation; Southeastern Legal Foundation, Amici Curiae
Date: October 20, 1999
Citation: 194 F.3d 505

Pinkley, Incorporated, T/a Bradley Books, Plaintiff-appellee, v. City of Frederick, Maryland, a Body Politic, Defendant-appellant,androbert A. Servacek, Individually and in His Official Capacity As Detective in Frederick City Police Department and City of Frederick, Maryland; Richard J. Ashton, Major, Individually and in His Official Capacity As Chief, Frederick City Police and Agent, Servant, Employee and Policymaker of City of Frederick, Maryland; the Mayor and Board of Alderman of Frederick, Maryland, Constituting and Acting As the City of Frederick Maryland, a Body Politic; David S. Gearinger, Officer, Individually and in His Official Capacity As Agent of Frederick City, Maryland; John Lammers, Officer, Individually and in His Official Capacity As Agent of Frederick City, Maryland; Shawn Martyak, Officer, Individually and in Her Official Capacity As Agent of Frederick City, Maryland, Defendants.pinkley, Incorporated, T/a Bradley Books, Plaintiff-appellant, v. City of Frederick, Maryland, a Body Politic; Robert A. Servacek, Individually and in His Official Capacity As Detective in Frederick City Police Department and City of Frederick, Maryland; Richard J. Ashton, Major, Individually and in His Official Capacity As Chief, Rederick City Policy and Agent, Servant, Employee, and Policy Maker of City of Frederick, Maryland; David S. Gearinger, Officer, Individually and in His Official Capacity As Agent of Frederick City, Maryland; John Lammers, Officer, Individually and in His Official Capacity As Agent of Frederick City, Maryland, Defendants-appellees,andthe Mayor and Board of Alderman of Frederick, Maryland, Constituting and Acting As the City of Frederick Maryland, a Body Politic; Shawn Martyak, Officer, Individually and in Her Official Capacity As Agent of Frederick City, Maryland, Defendants
Date: August 31, 1999
Citation: 191 F.3d 394

In Re: Nvr, Lp, Debtor.nvr Homes, Incorporated, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Anne Arundel County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Baltimore, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Carroll County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Frederick County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Harford County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Howard County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Montgomery County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Prince George's County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Washington County, Maryland, Defendants-appellants,andfranklin Park Borough; Hampton Township; Hampton Township School District; Seneca Valley School District; Moon Area School District;moon Township; North Allegheny School District; Shaler Area School District; Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Defendants.in Re: Nvr, Lp, Debtor.nvr Homes, Incorporated, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Defendant-appellant, and Franklin Park Borough; Hampton Township; Hampton Township School District; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Anne Arundel County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Baltimore, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Carroll County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Frederick County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Harford County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Howard County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Montgomery County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Prince George's County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Washington County, Maryland; Seneca Valley School District; Moon Area School District; Moon Township; North Allegheny School District; Shaler Area School District, Defendants.in Re: Nvr, Lp, Debtor.nvr Homes, Incorporated, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Seneca Valley School District; Shaler Area School District, Defendants-appellants, and Franklin Park Borough; Hampton Township; Hampton Township School District; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Anne Arundel County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Baltimore, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Carroll County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Frederick County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Harford County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Howard County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Montgomery County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Prince George's County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Washington County, Maryland; Commonwealth Ennsylvania, Defendants.in Re: Nvr, Lp, Debtor.nvr Homes, Incorporated, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Franklin Park Borough; Hampton Township; Hampton Township School District, Defendants-appellants,andclerks of the Circuit Courts for Anne Arundel County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Baltimore, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Carroll County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Frederick County, Yland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Harford County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Howard County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Montgomery County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Prince George's County, Maryland;clerks of the Circuit Courts for Washington County, Maryland; Seneca Valley School District; Moon Area School District; Moon Township; North Allegheny School District; Shaler Area School District; Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Defendants.in Re: Nvr, Lp, Debtor. Nvr Homes, Incorporated, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Moon Area School District; Moon Township; North Allegheny School District, Defendants-appellants,andfranklin Park Borough; Hampton Township; Hampton Township School District; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Anne Arundel County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Baltimore, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Carroll County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Frederick County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Harford County, Maryland; Clerks of the Circuit Courts for Howard County, Maryland; Cler
Date: August 16, 1999
Citation: 189 F.3d 442

Owens-illinois, Incorporated, Petitioner-appellant, v. David L. Meade; Jerry H. Adams; Charles Adkins; Geneva Adkins; Stanley Allen; Margaret Allen; Deretta Anderson; John Antobius; Josephine Arnett; James Ashcraft; Mary Ashcraft; Mary Ayersman; Elizabeth Ayoob; Herbert Baker; Sue Baker; Paul Bastin; Kathleen Bastin; Alfred Beccaloni; Florence Beeghley; Loren Smith; Bennie Bennett; William Bennett; Joy Bennett; Junior Biller; Margaret Biller; Zora Bogdan; Albert Boothe; Mildred Boothe; Minnie Bosley; Alice Boyce; Leslie Boyce; John Bradshaw; Virginia Bradshaw; John Bramer; Freeda Bramer; Earl Britton; Mary Britton; Roy Caldwell; June Caldwell; Paul Canterbury; Toni Canterbury; Samuel Capet; Robert Carpenter; Virginia Carpenter; Dolores Chiera; James Chiera; Ruth Clark; Leo Clevenger; Clacy Clevenger; Dorothy Cogar; Mary Coulter; Lanty Coulter; Mildred Cox; Robert Cox; Earnest Cross; George Cross; Athella Cross; Samuel Cutrone; Ruth Cutrone; Ella Davis; Oscar Davis; Francis Dean; Louise Dean; Glenn Dean; Ida Dean; Theodore Depolo; Theda Depolo; Agnes Derosa; Louis Derosa; Julie Diaz; James Dingess; Sonia Dingess; Lewis Dosier; Mary Dosier; Helen Doss; Felix Drazba; Novella Drazba; Kenneth Durst; Loretta Durst; Alberta Edgell; William Edgell; Cecil Elder; Alma Elder; John Emrick; Beverly Emrick; Joanne Erden; Ruth Fazio; James Fisher; Patricia Fisher; Frederick Fleming; Lois Fleming; Clydean Flohr; George Flohr; James Floyd; Bettie Floyd; Carl Frederick; Cleo Frederick; Charles Freeman; Mary Freeman; Eules Freeman; Emogene Freeman; Alphonse Genin; Helen Genin; Madeline Gooch; Melvingooch; Charles Goodnight; Carmela Gray; James Gray; David Griffith; Glordia Grindo; Danna Harris; Francis Harris; Florence Harris; Aubrey Harris; Jimmie Hickman; Mary Hickman; Edna Hicks; Shirley Hileman; William Hinter; Mary Hinter; Roger Holmes; Sara Holmes; Kenneth Hurst; Betty Hurst; Carole Martin Hutson; Raymond Insani; Harold Johns; Mary Johns; Garland Johnston; Blanche Johnston; Helen Jones; Samuel Kelly; Helen Kelly; Elizabeth Kendrick; John Kendrick; Delbert Kincaid; Auline Kincaid; Harold Knight; George Kopshina; Frances Kopshina; Marley Landes; Vola Landes; Thomas Langford; Lois Langford; Casey Lasko; Josephine Lasko; Esther Leeson; Sam Leroy; Barbara Leroy; Kenneth Lowther; Patricia Lowther; Pete Male; Joe Mancuso; Virginia Mancuso; Lowell Mangus; Kathleen Mangus; Marlo Manzo; Eudizia Anzo; Mary Marsh; Bernard Marshall; Sam Mazza; Mary Mcelwain; Robert Mcelwain; Charles Mealey; Ethel Michna; Adam Michna; Danny Micklich; Judith Miklich; James Mooney, Jr.; Bonnie Morgan; Karen Morris; Patrick Morris; Vincent Nash; Francis Nash; Melvin Norman; Constance Norman; Louise Nutter; Goff Nutter; Branty Pettigrew; Elizabeth Pettigrew; Donald Plivelich; Ted Poe; Diane Poe; Harry Popp; Alvena Popp; John Ridenour; Beatrice Ridenour; Paul Roberts; Kathleen Roberts; James Romine; Bernice Romine; Conrad Ross; Dominick Salentro; Margaret Salentro; Wilsie Sandy; William Sandy; Rance Seabolt; Melva Seabolt; James Seccuro; Frank Secreto; Mary Secreto; Lyall Sine; Sarah Sine; Hershel Sisson; Josephine Sisson; Jackie Skinner; Doris Skinner; Lillie Slobadzian; Andrew Slobadzian; Bernadine Snider; Gene Somers; Alice Somers; Jack Stanley; Janice Stanley; Harold Stocking; Velma Stocking; Draper Strader; Kay Strader; Robert Swain; Addison Swisher; Betty Swisher; Anthony Talerico; Lucy Talerico; Willard Tallman; Yvonna Tallman; Cledith Taylor; Carol Taylor; Dallas Taylor; Mabel Taylor; Beverly Tenda; Carl Tenda; Chest R Tharp; Carol Tharp; William Thaxton; Betty Thaxton; James Torman; Galena Torman; Harriet Trent; Sophia Trovato; Charles Trovato; Betty Tuttle; Olive Utt; William Utt; Earl Vance; Katherine Vance; Harry Vandergrift; Thomas Veltri; Mary Jane Veltri; Arnold Incent; Grace Vincent; Denton Vincent; Carolyn Vincent; Roger Wade; Irginia Wade; Rally Walters; Annetta Walters; Eloise Ware; Henry Weimer; Betty Weimer; James Wilcoxen; Helen Wilcoxen; Beatrice Williams; Charles Illiams; James Williamson; Mary Williamson; Melvin Williamson; Elizabeth Wilson; Do
Date: August 2, 1999
Citation: 186 F.3d 435

Jeannette Wade; Edwin Wade, Plaintiffs-appellants, v. Danek Medical, Incorporated; Sofamor, Incorporated; Sofamor-danek Group, Incorporated; Sofamor, S.n.c.; Warsaw Orthopedic, Incorporated, Defendants-appellees,andamerican Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons; North American Spine Society; Scoliosis Research Society; Zimmer, Incorporated; Danek Capital Corporation; Danek Sales Corporation; Buckman Company, Incorporated; Norex Usa, Incorporated; National Medical Specialty, Incorporated; Stuart, Incorporated; Eduardo Luque; Paul Mcafee; Roger P. Jackson; David Bradford; Yves Cotrel; Jean Dubousset; Harry Shufflebarger; R. Geoffrey Wilber; Charles E. Johnston, Ii; Richard Ashman, Ph.d.; Gary Lowery; George Rapp; Ensor Transfeldt; Hansen Yuan; John A. Herring; John P. Barrett; Thomas Whitecloud, Iii; Thomas A. Zdeblick; Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Crippled Children; Gicd-usa; Groupe International Cotreldubousset; Acromed Corporation, Charter Number 614043; Acromed Corporation, Charter Number 816942; Acromed Research and Development Corporation; Acromed Spine Research Foundation, Incorporated; Acromed Incorporated, Charter Number 811415; Acromed Incorporated, Charter Number 816943; Acromed Holding Corporation, Charter Number 811416; Ace Medical Company; Advanced Spine Fixation Systems, Incorporated; Cross Medical Products; Depuy-motech, Incorporated; Howmedica, Incorporated and Its Parent Pfizer, Incorporated; Scientific Spinal; Smith & Nephew Richards, Incorporated; Synthes, U.s.a.; Synthes, Incorporated; Synthes North America, Incorporated; Synthes, A.g. Chur; Advanced Biosearch Associates; Spinal Science Advancement Foundation; Health Industry Manufacturer's Association; Orthopedic Surgical Manufacturers Association; Spinal Implant Manufacturers Group; Youngwood Medical Specialties, Incorporated; Hansen Yuan, M.d.; Richard W. Treharne, Ph.d; Ermon R. Pickard; Stuart Medical Incorporated, Formerly Known As Stuart Drug and Surgical Supply, Incorporated, Defendants
Date: July 14, 1999
Citation: 182 F.3d 281

No. 98-1884
Date: July 12, 1999
Citation: 179 F.3d 154

No. 98-2158
Date: June 3, 1999
Citation: 179 F.3d 147

No. 98-1215
Date: June 3, 1999
Citation: 179 F.3d 141

No. 98-1229
Date: June 3, 1999
Citation: 179 F.3d 133

No. 98-1938
Date: June 2, 1999
Citation: 179 F.3d 107

No. 98-1942
Date: June 1, 1999
Citation: 179 F.3d 103

No. 98-6577
Date: May 25, 1999
Citation: 178 F.3d 266

No. 98-2085
Date: May 17, 1999
Citation: 178 F.3d 253

No. 98-1934
Date: March 24, 1999
Citation: 171 F.3d 943

In Re: Audwin Hawatha Taylor, Movant
Date: March 18, 1999
Citation: 171 F.3d 185

In Re: Mervyn Clinton Goddard, Movant
Date: March 11, 1999
Citation: 170 F.3d 435

Christy Brzonkala, Plaintiff-appellant, v. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University;antonio J. Morrison; James Landale Crawford,defendants-appellees,andcornell D. Brown; William E. Landsidle, in His Capacity Ascomptroller of the Commonwealth, Defendants.law Professors; Virginians Aligned Against Sexual Assault;the Antidefamation League; Center for Women Policy Studies;the Dc Rape Crisis Center; Equal Rights Advocates; Thegeorgetown University Law Center Sex Discrimination Clinic;jewish Women International; the National Alliance of Sexualassault Coalitions; the National Coalition Against Domesticviolence; the National Coalition Against Sexual Assault;the National Network to End Domestic Violence; Nationalorganization for Women; Northwest Women's Law Center; Thepennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence,incorporated; Virginia National Organization for Women;virginia Now Legal Defense and Education Fund, Incorporated;women Employed; Women's Law Project; Women's Legaldefense Fund; Independent Women's Forum; Women's Freedomnetwork, Amici Curiae.united States of America, Intervenor-appellant,andchristy Brzonkala, Plaintiff, v. Antonio J. Morrison; James Landale Crawford, Defendants-appellees,andvirginia Polytechnic Institute and State University;cornell D. Brown; William E. Landsidle, in Hiscapacity As Comptroller of Thecommonwealth, Defendants.law Professors; Virginians Aligned Against Sexual Assault;the Antidefamation League; Center for Women Policy Studies;2 the Dc Rape Crisis Center; Equal Rights Advocates; Thegeorgetown University Law Center Sex Discrimination Clinic;jewish Women International; the National Alliance of Sexualassault Coalitions; the National Coalition Against Domesticviolence; the National Coalition Against Sexual Assault;the National Network to End Domestic Violence; Nationalorganization for Women; Northwest Women's Law Center; Thepennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence,incorporated; Virginia National Organization for Women;virginia Now Legal Defense and Education Fund, Incorporated;women Employed; Women's Law Project; Women's Legaldefense Fund; Independent Women's Forum; Women's Freedomnetwork, Amici Curiae
Date: March 5, 1999
Citation: 169 F.3d 820

In Re Joseph D. Morrissey, Appellant
Date: February 11, 1999
Citation: 168 F.3d 134