1995 Fourth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals Case Law

Opinions 1 - 500 of 3268

In Re: Charles William Levy, Petitioner
Date: December 22, 1995
Citation: 73 F.3d 358

Plaintiff v. Defendant
Date: December 21, 1995
Citation: 73 F.3d 356

In Re Mark S. Neuman, Petitioner
Date: December 20, 1995
Citation: 72 F.3d 127

In Re: Dwight Spears, Petitioner
Date: December 15, 1995
Citation: 72 F.3d 128

In Re: Floyd Glenn Williams, Petitioner
Date: December 12, 1995
Citation: 72 F.3d 128

In Re Douglas Lawrence Sheets, Petitioner
Date: December 12, 1995
Citation: 72 F.3d 128

John L. Pascucci, Petitioner, v. Ruta S. Bailey, Respondent
Date: December 12, 1995
Citation: 72 F.3d 127

In Re Nathaniel Scott, Petitioner
Date: December 12, 1995
Citation: 72 F.3d 128

Notice: Fourth Circuit Local Rule 36(c) States That Citation of Unpublished Dispositions is Disfavored Except for Establishing Res Judicata, Estoppel, or the Law of the Case and Requires Service of Copies of Cited Unpublished Dispositions of the Fourth Circuit.michael C. Benko, Plaintiff--appellant, v. Claude T. Compton, Defendant--appellee,andlinda K. Benko; Peter J. Kane; J. Edward Mcgolrick;andrew M. Vanderhoff; Security Bank Corporation;commonwealth Savings Bank, F.s.b., Substituted Resolutiontrust Corporation As Receiver; Progressive Housing Servicecorporation; Estate of J. Roger Cornellier; Cub Runassociates, Incorporated; J. William Garry, Jr., Trustee;stonewall Title and Escrow, Incorporated; John Grzejka,councilman; Maury Gerson, Councilman; Don Fullem, Firemarshall; Leonard Kowalski, Prince William Detective;wright Realty, Incorporated; Fidelity and Deposit Companyof Maryland, a Maryland Corporation; United Statesdepartment of Justice; John D. Hoagland; Thomas G.underwood; R.f. Wood, Vice President, Loss Prevention,nationsbank; Bruce A. Gross; Manassas City Council;daniel Morissette; J.f. Cattell Association; R. Jacksonratcliffe Insurance Agency; Commonwealth's Attorney'soffice; Michael D. Lubeley; Nationsbank of Virginia, N.a.,defendants.michael C. Benko, Plaintiff--appellant, v. Estate of J. Roger Cornellier; Bruce A. Gross, Defendants--appellees,andclaude T. Compton; Linda K. Benko; Peter J. Kane; J.edward Mcgolrick; Andrew M. Vanderhoff; Security Bankcorporation; Commonwealth Savings Bank, F.s.b., Substitutedresolution Trust Corporation As Receiver; Progressivehousing Service Corporation; Cub Run Associates,incorporated; J. William Garry, Jr., Trustee; Stonewalltitle and Escrow, Incorporated; John Grzejka, Councilman;maury Gerson, Councilman; Don Fullem, Fire Marshall;leonard Kowalski, Prince William Detective; Wright Realty,incorporated; Fidelity and Deposit Company of Maryland, Amaryland Corporation; United States Department of Justice;john D. Hoagland; Thomas G. Underwood; R.f. Wood, Vicepresident, Loss Prevention, Nationsbank; Manassas Citycouncil; Daniel Morissette; J.f. Cattell Association; R.jackson Ratcliffe Insurance Agency; Commonwealth'sattorney's Office; Michael D. Lubeley; Nationsbank Ofvirginia, N.a., Defendants.michael C. Benko, Plaintiff--appellant, v. Estate of J. Roger Cornellier, Defendant--appellee,andclaude T. Compton; Linda K. Benko; Peter J. Kane; J.edward Mcgolrick; Andrew M. Vanderhoff; Security Bankcorporation; Commonwealth Savings Bank, F.s.b., Substitutedresolution Trust Corporation As Receiver; Progressivehousing Service Corporation; Cub Run Associates,incorporated; J. William Garry, Jr., Trustee; Stonewalltitle and Escrow, Incorporated; John Grzejka, Councilman;maury Gerson, Councilman; Don Fullem, Fire Marshall;leonard Kowalski, Prince William Detective; Wright Realty,incorporated; Fidelity and Deposit Company of Maryland, Amaryland Corporation; United States Department of Justice;john D. Hoagland; Thomas G. Underwood; R.f. Wood, Vicepresident, Loss Prevention, Nationsbank; Manassas Citycouncil; Daniel Morissette; J.f. Cattell Association; R.jackson Ratcliffe Insurance Agency; Commonwealth'sattorney's Office; Michael D. Lubeley; Nationsbank Ofvirginia, N.a., Defendants.michael C. Benko, Plaintiff--appellant, v. Estate of J. Roger Cornellier; Bruce A. Gross, Defendants--appellees,andclaude T. Compton; Linda K. Benko; Peter J. Kane; J.edward Mcgolrick; Andrew M. Vanderhoff; Security Bankcorporation; Commonwealth Savings Bank, F.s.b., Substitutedresolution Trust Corporation As Receiver; Progressivehousing Service Corporation; Cub Run Associates,incorporated; J. William Garry, Jr., Trustee; Stonewalltitle and Escrow, Incorporated; John Grzejka, Councilman;maury Gerson, Councilman; Don Fullem, Fire Marshall;leonard Kowalski, Prince William Detective; Wright Realty,incorporated; Fidelity and Deposit Company of Maryland, Amaryland Corporation; United States Department of Justice;john D. Hoagland; Thomas G. Underwood; R.f. Wood, Vicepresident, Loss Prevention, Nationsbank; Manassas Ci
Date: November 28, 1995
Citation: 70 F.3d 1260

Notice: Fourth Circuit Local Rule 36(c) States That Citation of Unpublished Dispositions is Disfavored Except for Establishing Res Judicata, Estoppel, or the Law of the Case and Requires Service of Copies of Cited Unpublished Dispositions of the Fourth Circuit.michael Reine Davis, Plaintiff-appellant, v. Phyllis Petree, Individually and in Her Official Capacity Asauditor for Vcu; Richard Bunce, Individually and in Hisofficial Capacity As Executive Director of Internal Auditand Management Services for Vcu; Captain Palumbo,individually and in His Official Capacity As Captain, Vcucampus Police Department, Defendants-appellees,andmedical College of Virginia/virginia Commonwealthuniversity; Board of Visitors, Virginia Commonwealthuniversity (vcu), Individually and in Their Officialcapacity As Members of the Board of Visitors; Eugene Trani,individually and in His Official Capacity As President,medical College of Virginia/virginia Commonwealth University(mcv/vcu); Gaylen Bradley, Individually and in His Officialcapacity As Dean of the School of Basic Health Sciences;margaret Biber, Individually and in Her Official Capacity Aschairperson Department of Physiology, Mcv/vcu; Mohammedkalimi, Individually and in His Official Capacity Asprofessor Physiology, Physiology Department, Mcv/vcu; Johna. Desimone, Individually and in His Official Capacity Asprofessor Physiology, Physiology Department, Mcv/vcu;robert Mcnamara, Individually and in His Official Capacityas Detective, Richmond City Police Narcotics Department, Defendants
Date: November 27, 1995
Citation: 70 F.3d 1261

Notice: Fourth Circuit Local Rule 36(c) States That Citation of Unpublished Dispositions is Disfavored Except for Establishing Res Judicata, Estoppel, or the Law of the Case and Requires Service of Copies of Cited Unpublished Dispositions of the Fourth Circuit.margaret Dabbs, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Kaye Amos, Individually and in Her Capacity As Chairman Ofthe Cabarrus County Board of Education, Defendant-appellant,andcabarrus County Board of Education; Daniel Freeman,individually and in His Official Capacity As Superintendentof the Cabarrus County School Administrative Unit; Betty B.alston, in Her Official Capacity As a Member of the Cabarruscounty Board of Education; Phyllis Galloway, in Herofficial Capacity As a Member of the Cabarrus County Boardof Education; Harold Hartsell, Sr., in His Officialcapacity As a Member of the Cabarrus County Board Ofeducation; L. Don Hoyle, in His Official Capacity As Amember of the Cabarrus County Board of Education; Dorothyl. Simmons, in Her Official Capacity As a Member of Thecabarrus County Board of Education; Lewis M. Williams, Inhis Official Capacity As a Member of the Cabarrus Countyboard of Education, Defendants.margaret Dabbs, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Daniel Freeman, Individually and in His Official Capacity Assuperintendent of the Cabarrus County Schooladministrative Unit, Defendant-appellant,andcabarrus County Board of Education; Kaye Amos, Individuallyand in Her Capacity As Chairman of the Cabarrus County Boardof Education; Betty B. Alston, in Her Official Capacity Asa Member of the Cabarrus County Board of Education; Phyllisgalloway, in Her Official Capacity As a Member of Thecabarrus County Board of Education; Harold Hartsell, Sr.,in His Official Capacity As a Member of the Cabarrus Countyboard of Education; L. Don Hoyle, in His Official Capacityas a Member of the Cabarrus County Board of Education;dorothy L. Simmons, in Her Official Capacity As a Member Ofthe Cabarrus County Board of Education; Lewis M. Williams,in His Official Capacity As a Member of the Cabarrus Countyboard of Education, Defendants.margaret Dabbs, Plaintiff-appellant, v. Cabarrus County Board of Education, Defendant-appellee,anddaniel Freeman, Individually and in His Official Capacity Assuperintendent of the Cabarrus County School Administrativeunit; Kaye Amos, Individually and in Her Capacity Aschairman of the Cabarrus County Board of Education; Phyllisgalloway, in Her Official Capacity As a Member of Thecabarrus County Board of Education; Harold Hartsell, Sr.,in His Official Capacity As a Member of the Cabarrus Countyboard of Education; L. Don Hoyle, in His Official Capacityas a Member of the Cabarrus County Board of Education;dorothy L. Simmons, in Her Official Capacity As a Member Ofthe Cabarrus County Board of Education; Lewis M. Williams,in His Official Capacity As a Member of the Cabarrus Countyboard of Education, Defendants
Date: November 21, 1995
Citation: 70 F.3d 1261

Prod.liab.rep. (cch) P 14,400vera Jones, Executrix of the Estate of James Jones, Plaintiff-appellee,andjames Jones, Plaintiff, v. Owens-corning Fiberglas Corporation, a Delaware Corporation,defendant-appellant, v. Amchem Products, Incorporated; Armstrong World Industries,incorporated, Formerly Known As Armstrong Cork Company;carey Canada, Incorporated; the Celotex Corporation,individually and As Successor-in-interest of Philip Careymanufacturing Company, Philip Carey Corporation, Panaconcorporation, Glen Alden Corporation, Rapid Americancorporation, Briggs Manufacturing Company, and Smith Andkanzler, a Delaware Corporation; Eagle-picherindustries, Incorporated, an Ohio Corporation; Fibreboardcorporation, Pabco Industrial Products Division, a Delawarecorporation; Flexitallic Gasket Company, Incorporated, Aconnecticut Corporation; Gaf Corporation, a Delawarecorporation; Garlock, Incorporated, Precision Sealdivision, an Ohio Corporation; A.p. Greene Refractoriescompany; Keene Corporation, Individually and Assuccessor-in-interest to Keene Building Productscorporation, Keene Insulation Products Corporation, Ehretmagnesia Manufacturing Company, Baldwin-ehret-hill,incorporated, Baldwin-hill Company, and Mundet Corkcorporation, a New York Corporation; National Gypsumcompany, a Delaware Corporation; Owens-illinois,incorporated, an Ohio Corporation; Pittsburgh-corningcorporation, Individually and As Successor-in-interest Tounion Asbestos and Rubber Company (unarco), a Pennsylvaniacorporation; H.k. Porter Company, Incorporated,individually and As Successor-in-interest to Southernasbestos, Carolina Asbestos, Thermoid and Tullman-mccluskey,a Delaware Corporation; Turner & Newall, P.l.c.,individually and As Alter Ego of Keasby and Mattison;general Refractories Company, Grefco; M.h. Dietrick, Defendants.samuel H. Culverhouse; Mattie Culverhouse, Plaintiffs-appellees, v. Owens-corning Fiberglas Corporation, a Delaware Corporation,defendant-appellant,andamchem Products, Incorporated; Armstrong World Industries,incorporated, Formerly Known As Armstrong Cork Company; Thecelotex Corporation, Individually and Assuccessor-in-interest of Philip Carey Manufacturing Company,philip Carey Corporation, Panacon Corporation, Glen Aldencorporation, Rapid American Corporation, Briggsmanufacturing Company, and Smith and Kanzler, a Delawarecorporation; Eagle-picher Industries, Incorporated, an Ohiocorporation; Fibreboard Corporation, Pabco Industrialproducts Division, a Delaware Corporation; Flexitallicgasket Company, Incorporated, a Connecticut Corporation;gaf Corporation, a Delaware Corporation; Garlock,incorporated, Precision Seal Division, an Ohio Corporation;keene Corporation, Individually and As Successor-in-interestto Keene Building Products Corporation, Keene Insulationproducts Corporation, Ehret Magnesia Manufacturing Company,baldwin-ehret-hill, Incorporated, Baldwin-hill Company, Andmundet Cork Corporation, a New York Corporation; Nationalgypsum Company, a Delaware Corporation; Owens-illinois,incorporated, an Ohio Corporation; Pittsburgh-corningcorporation, Individually and As Successor-in-interest Tounion Asbestos and Rubber Company (unarco), a Pennsylvaniacorporation; H.k. Porter Company, Incorporated,individually and As Successor-in-interest to Southernasbestos, Carolina Asbestos, Thermoid and Tullman-mccluskey,a Delaware Corporation; Turner & Newall, P.l.c.,individually and As Alter Ego of Keasby and Mattison;combustion Engineering, Incorporated; Flintkote Company, Amassachusetts Corporation; W.r. Grace & Company, Aconnecticut Corporation; Raytech, Successor to Raymarkindustries, Incorporated, Successor-in-interest Toraybestos-manhattan, Incorporated; Rock Wool Manufacturingcompany, Incorporated, an Alabama Corporation; Unitedstates Gypsum Company, Inc., Defendants, v. Manville Corporation Asbestos Disease Compensation Fund,third-party Defendant
Date: November 3, 1995
Citation: 69 F.3d 712

Notice: Fourth Circuit Local Rule 36(c) States That Citation of Unpublished Dispositions is Disfavored Except for Establishing Res Judicata, Estoppel, or the Law of the Case and Requires Service of Copies of Cited Unpublished Dispositions of the Fourth Circuit.united States of America, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Rose Mary Wiggins Beverly, Claimant-appellant,andone Parcel of Real Property Known As Gilliam Brothers Farmconsisting of Seven Tracts, Located at Route 1, Box 117,blackwater, Va, Any or All Appurtenances Thereto, and Allproceeds from the Sale Thereof; $117,542.89 in Unitedstates Currency; One Mack Tractor Truck, Vin1m1u2156cm00708, Bearing Oregon License Plate No. F114828,and Trailer Attached Thereto, Vin 1alsf0284bs087427, and Anyand All Proceeds from the Sale Thereof; 141 Acres Situatedin the Powell Magisterial District of Scott County, Va;101.5 Acres Situated in the Powell Magisterial District Ofscott County, Va; Three Tracts of Real Estate Located Inthe Powell Magisterial District of Scott County Va, Conveyedto Elic Gilliam, by Deed Dated January 4, 1989, and Ofrecord in the Clerk's Office of the Circuit Court of Scottcounty, Va, in Deed Book 375, Page 574; Three Tracts Ofland Situated in the Powell Magisterial District of Scottcounty, Va, Conveyed to Elic Lee Gilliam on August 24, 1984,and of Record in the Clerk's Office of the Circuit Court Ofscott County, Va, in Deed Book 342, Page 383; One 1981alloy Trailer with Identification Number1al5f0/9284bs081427; One Honda Generator Withidentification Number Adr707; One Yamaha 200e Withidentification Number 24w77114632; One Caterpillar D-7;one John Deere, Model 50 with Identification Number 5011732;one White Chevrolet 60 Viking with Oregon Tag F108664; Oneyellow Chevrolet 61 Dump Truck with Oregon Tag F102935; Onejohn Deere 720 with Identification Number 7212178; One Macktruck with Identification Number 1m1u215c5cm001081, Oregontag F114828; One John Deere 4010 with Engine Number23e36228 and Identification Number 401021t35343; One Bluegmc Pickup, with Camper, with Oregon Tag Ejs-599,identification Number Tcx 143b8500752; One Green Chevroletcustom 20 with White Camper, with Oregon Tag Hqc-127,identification Number Ccy244144392; One Red Massey Ferguson135 Tractor with Identification Number 9a572536; Onecaterpillar D-6 Dozer with No Serial Number; One John Deere4020 with Cab, Type T213r, Identification Number G022587;one John Deere 60 Tractor with Hay Fork, Identificationnumber G022587; One Light Blue Chevrolet Silverado,identification Number Cky145f361563, with Virginia Tagf34821; One Red Chevy Truck, with Tennessee Tag 23f92-mexp. 89, Identification Motorcycle, Identification Number36419320jo; One 1985 Harley Davidison Motorcycle,identification Number 1hd1dbl1ofy5017; One John Deerehaybaler, Defendants,elic L. Gilliam; Troy Gilliam; Kenneth E. Jenning; Suejennings; Vena Bernard; George Bernard; Roy Leegilliam, Claimants
Date: October 26, 1995
Citation: 69 F.3d 534

Notice: Fourth Circuit Local Rule 36(c) States That Citation of Unpublished Dispositions is Disfavored Except for Establishing Res Judicata, Estoppel, or the Law of the Case and Requires Service of Copies of Cited Unpublished Dispositions of the Fourth Circuit.michael Wayne Montgomery, A/k/a Shaka Macumba Zulu X,plaintiff--appellant, v. Laura Bessinger, Warden/head Administrator, Kirklandcorrectional Institution; Captain Jackson, Captain Overother Security Staff at Kirkland Correctional Institution;nurse Stanley, Nurse, Maximum Security Unit, Kirklandcorrectional Institution, Defendants--appellees.michael Wayne Montgomery, A/k/a Shaka Macumba Zulu X,plaintiff--appellant, v. Parker Evatt, Commissioner, South Carolina Department Ofcorrections; Laurie Bessinger, Warden, Kirklandcorrectional Institution; Nurse Stanley, Kirklandcorrectional Institution; B. Lymore, Sergeant, Kirklandcorrectional Institution, Defendants--appellees.michael Wayne Montgomery, A/k/a Shaka Macumba Zulu X,plaintiff--appellant, v. B. Rutherford, Ofc, Kirkland Correctional Institution,m.s.u.; Dwayne Walker, Ofc, Kirkland Correctionalinstitution, M.s.u.; B. Lymore, Sergeant, Kirklandcorrectional Institution, M.s.u.; Lieutenant Davis, 2ndshift Supervisor at M.s.u., Kirkland Correctionalinstitution, Defendants--appellees.michael Wayne Montgomery, A/k/a Thomas Edward Howard, A/k/ashaka Macumba Zulu X, Plaintiff--appellant, v. Lieutenant Davis, 2nd Shift Supervisor, Maximum Securityunit, Kirkland Correctional Institution; Doctorneal, Physician, Kirkland Correctionalinstitution, Defendants--appellees.michael Wayne Montgomery, A/k/a Shaka Macumba Zulu X,plaintiff--appellant, v. Parker Evatt; Vaughn Jackson, Captain; Laurie Bessinger;lieutenant Martin, Defendants--appellees
Date: October 25, 1995
Citation: 69 F.3d 533

Notice: Fourth Circuit Local Rule 36(c) States That Citation of Unpublished Dispositions is Disfavored Except for Establishing Res Judicata, Estoppel, or the Law of the Case and Requires Service of Copies of Cited Unpublished Dispositions of the Fourth Circuit.jorge A. Martinez, M.d., Plaintiff-appellant, v. George M. Roig, M.d.; Leonard Z. Alpert, Esq.; Carl N.frankovitch, Esq.; Arthur M. Recht, Esq.; Mark A.colantonio, Esq.; David L. Robertson, Esq.; Robertwettstein; Lubin C. Alimario; Marvin H. Levendorf; Robertturner; Kelly Levendorf; Gary Hanson; Charles A. Okey;antonio Licata; Reynaldo Vista; Carlos Vasquez; Georgekosar; Nasser Emami; Steve Clarke; Arthur L. Miser;donald R. Donell; John W. Koval; Mel Arena; Robertcattrell; William S. Gallagher; Amrik A. Chattha; Gurdevpurewal; Joseph Schreiber; Junginder Luthra; Addietamboli; Jasbir Makar; David Cross, Esq.; Callie Tsapis;cynthia Santoro Gustke; Forest Bowman; Sherri D. Goodman;george M. Roig, M.d., Incorporated; Alpert, D'anniballe &visnic; Volk, Frankovitch, Anetakis, Recht, Robertson &hellerstedt; Weirton Medical Center, Incorporated;alimario Medical Associates; Levendorf Insurance Agency;p.i.e. Mutual Insurance Company; Board of Trustees of Theweirton Medical Center; Executive Committee of the Medicaland Dental Staff of the Weirton Medical Center,defendants-appellees.jorge A. Martinez, M.d., Plaintiff-appellee, v. Carl N. Frankovitch, Esq.; Arthur M. Recht, Esq.; Mark A.colantonio, Esq.; David L. Robertson, Esq.; Robertwettstein; Robert Turner; Gary Hanson; Charles A. Okey;antonio Licata; Reynaldo Vista; Carlos Vasquez; Georgekosar; Nasser Emami; Steve Clarke; Arthur L. Miser;donald R. Donell; John W. Koval; Mel Arena; Robertcattrell; William S. Gallagher; Amrik A. Chattha; Gurdevpurewal; Joseph Schreiber; Junginder Luthra; Addietamboli; Jasbir Makar; Volk, Frankovitch, Anetakis, Recht,robertson & Hellerstedt; Weirton Medical Center,incorporated; Board of Trustees of the Weirton Medicalcenter; Executive Committee of the Medical and Dental Staffof the Weirton Medical Center, Defendants-appellants,andgeorge M. Roig, M.d.; Leonard Z. Alpert, Esq.; Lubin C.alimario; Marvin H. Levendorf; Kelly Levendorf; Davidcross, Esq.; Callie Tsapis; Cynthia Santoro Gustke;forest Bowman; Sherri D. Goodman; George M. Roig, M.d.,incorporated; Alpert, D'anniballe & Visnic; Alimariomedical Associates; Levendorf Insurance Agency; P.i.e.mutual Insurance Company, Defendants.jorge A. Martinez, M.d., Plaintiff-appellee, v. Marvin H. Levendorf; Kelly Levendorf; Levendorf Insuranceagency, Defendants-appellants,andgeorge M. Roig, M.d.; Leonard Z. Alpert, Esq.; Carl N.frankovitch, Esq.; Arthur M. Recht, Esq.; Mark A.colantonio, Esq.; David L. Robertson, Esq.; Robertwettstein; Lubin C. Alimario; Robert Turner; Gary Hanson;charles A. Okey; Antonio Licata; Reynaldo Vista; Carlosvasquez; George Kosar; Nasser Emami; Steve Clarke;arthur L. Miser; Donald R. Donell; John W. Koval; Melarena; Robert Cattrell; William S. Gallagher; Amrik A.chattha; Gurdev Purewal; Joseph Schreiber; Junginderluthra; Addie Tamboli; Jasbir Makar; David Cross, Esq.;callie Tsapis; Cynthia Santoro Gustke; Forest Bowman;sherri D. Goodman; George M. Roig, M.d., Incorporated;alpert, D'anniballe & Visnic; Volk, Frankovitch, Anetakis,recht, Robertson & Hellerstedt; Weirton Medical Center,incorporated; Alimario Medical Associates; P.i.e. Mutualinsurance Company; Board of Trustees of the Weirton Medicalcenter; Executive Committee of the Medical and Dental Staffof the Weirton Medical Center, Defendants.jorge A. Martinez, M.d., Plaintiff-appellee, v. George M. Roig, M.d.; Leonard Z. Alpert, Esq.; Lubin C.alimario; George M. Roig, M.d., Incorporated;alpert, D'anniballe & Visnic; Alimariomedical Associates,defendants-appellants,andcarl N. Frankovitch, Esq.; Arthur M. Recht, Esq.; Mark A.colantonio, Esq.; David L. Robertson, Esq.; Robertwettstein; Marvin H. Levendorf; Robert Turner; Kellylevendorf; Gary Hanson; Charles A. Okey; Antonio Licata;reynaldo Vista; Carlos Vasquez; George Kosar; Nasseremami; Steve Clarke; Arthur L. Miser; Donald
Date: October 25, 1995
Citation: 69 F.3d 533