2003 Second Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals Case Law

United States, Appellee, v. Deborah A. Brown, Defendant-appellant
Date: December 16, 2003
Citation: 352 F.3d 654

Carvel Corporation, Plaintiff-counterclaim-defendant-appellant, v. Elizabeth A. Noonan, John D. Noonan, Peter Marsella and Joseph A. Giampapa, Defendants-counterclaim-plaintiffs-appellees,abdul Aziz Hoodbhoy, John K. Hazelton, Mary Lisa Hazelton, Edward Gromelski, Marcia Finkle, Nelson Finkle, Suleman Hoodbhoy, Dost M. Khemani, John G. Hughes, Beverly A. Papp; Robert A. Morath; Iqbal Naviwala; Estelle Mcnerney; Pen Li Wang; Stanley Sicinski; Josephine Ingenito; Angela Sparacino; Gaspare Sparacino; Jerome Lang; Margaret C. Lang; Nasim Arhsed Chugtai; Robert Spielman; Joseph A. Rotondo; Paula Rotondo; Valerie Cristiano; Stephen W. Vangelder; Mildred Miller; Dora Lee Shock; Bruce Mordaunt; Rosemarie Mordaunt; John F. Schneider; Josephine Ann Schneider; Carlton K. Harding; Judith M. Harding; Anthony Iaquinta; Frank Iaquinta, Md; Kenneth Mounts; Shirley Mounts; Burton G. Fischer; Lynn Kohler; Don Roggie Siclait; Wilfrid Siclait; Ismail Tawfik; Noor J. Tawfik; Randy Hyde; Robert Noorigian; Stephen Kwacz; Ash Family Trust; Christel Sicinski; Maria Capodieci; Geraldine Mccormack; Vincent Valva, Sr.; Jerry Capodieci; Carol Guadagno; Chin Tien Hsieh; Margaret Y.m. Hsieh; Sue Tsing Hsieh; Diane Humphrey; Robert Kohler; Christineliberti; Hugo Liberti; Mary H. Lisa; Robert T. Maida; Jeanne v. Marsella; Edward Mccormack; George M. Piquette, Jr.; Ketki P. Shah; Pankaj Shah; Douglas Casavant; Barbara Casavant; John Lynch; Catherine Lynch; H. Martin Popiel; Joyce Popiel; Armond Liguoni; Henry Goldman; Richard Harris, Dr.; Michael Bailey; Denise Bailey; Joan Noorigan; James Baker; Defendants-counterclaim-plaintiffs.louis R. Pepe and Ernest J. Mattie, Special Masters
Date: November 21, 2003
Citation: 350 F.3d 6

United States of America, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Sofia Collado, Claimant-appellant,pnc Bank, As Successor in Interest to Midatlantic Bank Na, Rafael Collado, Claimants,real Property and Premises Known As 464 Myrtle Avenue and 181 Washington Avenue, Brooklyn New York, a 1995 Toyota Land Cruiser, New York License Plate Number K560gf, Vin # Jt3dj81w3s0108524, United States Currency, in the Amount of $8,686.00, More or Less, Seized at 464 Myrtle Avenue, and 181 Washington Avenue, Brooklyn, New York on June 3, 1998, United States Currency in the Amount of $19,266.00, More or Less, Seized at 464 Myrtle Avenue and 181 Washington Avenue, Brooklyn, New York on June 3, 1998, United States Currency, in the Amount of $8,909.05, More or Less Seized at 295 Washington Avenue, Apartment 4d, Brooklyn, New York on June 3, 1998, United States Currency, in the Amount of $5,000.00 More or Less, Seized on June 3, 1998 from Safety on June 3, 1998 from Safety Deposit Box Number 631 Maintained in the Name of Ana Olga Collado at Citibank, 430 Myrtle Avenue, Brooklyn, New York, All Funds on Deposit in Chase Manhattan Bank Account Number 819-6021835-01 in the Name of Angelo Lorenzo, All Funds on Deposit, in Chase Manhattan Bank Account Number 053-0674666-65 in the Name of Ana O. Collado and Rafael R. Collado, All Funds on Deposit, in Chase Manhattan Bank Account Number 053-0674666-01 in the Name of Ana O. Collado and Rafael R. Collado, and All Proceeds Traceable There-to, Defendants
Date: November 6, 2003
Citation: 348 F.3d 323

United States, Appellant, v. Patrick Savin, Defendant-appellee
Date: November 4, 2003
Citation: 349 F.3d 27

Peter Monsanto Petitioner-appellant, v. U.s.a., Respondent-appellee
Date: October 31, 2003
Citation: 348 F.3d 345

United States, Appellee, v. Kevin Johnson, Defendant-appellant
Date: October 21, 2003
Citation: 347 F.3d 412

(tan) World Trade Center Properties, L.l.c., Silverstein Properties, Inc., Silverstein Wtc Management Co., L.l.c., 1 World Trade Center, L.l.c., 2 World Trade Center, L.l.c., 4 World Trade Center, L.l.c., 5 World Trade Center, L.l.c., Westfield Wtc, L.l.c., Westfield Corporation, Inc., Westfield America, Inc., and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, Defendants-counter-claimants-counter-defendants-appellants-cross-appellees,ubs Warburg Real Estate Investments Inc., Wells Fargo Bank Minnesota, N.a., As Trustee for the Registered Holders of Gmac Commercial Mortgage Securities, Inc. Mortgage-backed Pass-through Certificates, Series 2001-wtc, and Gmac Commercial Mortgage Corporation, Defendants-counter-claimants-counter-defendants-cross-appellees, v. Hartford Fire Insurance Company and Royal Indemnity Company, Counter-defendants-appellees,st. Paul Fire & Marine Insurance Co., Counter-defendant-appellee-cross-appellant,sr International Business Insurance Co., Ltd., Plaintiff-counter-defendant-intervenor,allianz Insurance Company, Copenhagen Reinsurance Co., Employers Insurance of Wausau, Federal Insurance Company, Great Lakes Reinsurance (uk) Plc., Gulf Insurance Company, Houston Casualty Co., Industrial Risk Insurers, Lexington Insurance Co., Certain Underwriters at Lloyd's of London, Qbe International Insurance Limited, Swiss Reinsurance Co. Uk Ltd., Tig Insurance Co., Tokio Marine and Fire Insurance Co., Travelers Indemnity Company, Twin City Fire Insurance Co., Württembergische Versicherung Ag and Zurich American Insurance Co., Counter-defendants.sr International Business Insurance Co., Ltd., Plaintiff-counter-defendant,world Trade Center Properties, L.l.c., Silverstein Properties, Inc., Silverstein Wtc Management Co. L.l.c., 1 World Trade Center, L.l.c., 2 World Trade Center, L.l.c., 4 World Trade Center, L.l.c., 5 World Trade Center, L.l.c., Westfield Wtc, L.l.c., Westfield Corporation, Inc., Westfield America, Inc., and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, Defendants-counter-claimants-appellants,ubs Warburg Real Estate Investments Inc., Wells Fargo Bank Minnesota, N.a., As Trustee for the Registered Holders of Gmac Commercial Mortgage Securities, Inc. Mortgage-backed Pass-through Certificates, Series 2001-wtc, and Gmac Commercial Mortgage Corporation, Defendants-counter-claimants, v. the Travelers Indemnity Company, Counter-defendant-appellee,allianz Insurance Company, Copenhagen Reinsurance Co., Employers Insurance of Wausau, Federal Insurance Company, Great Lakes Reinsurance (uk) Plc, Gulf Insurance Company, Hartford Fire Insurance Company, Houston Casualty Co., Industrial Risk Insurers, Lexington Insurance Co.,certain Underwriters at Lloyd's of London, Qbe International Insurance Limited, Royal Indemnity Company, St. Paul Fire & Marine Insurance Company, Swiss Reinsurance Co. Uk Ltd., Tig Insurance Co., Tokio Marine and Fire Insurance Co., Twin City Fire Insurance Co., Württembergische Versicherung Ag, and Zurich American Insurance Co., Counter-defendants
Date: September 26, 2003
Citation: 345 F.3d 154

Sharwline Nicholson, Individually and on Behalf of Her Infant Children, Destinee Barnett and Kendell Coles and on Behalf of All Others Similarly Situated; Destinee Barnett, Kendell Coles, Infants; Sharlene Tillett, Individually and on Behalf of Infants Winston Denton and Uganda Gray; Ekaete Udoh, Individually and on Behalf of Her Infant Children, Edu Udoh, Ima Udoh, Nsikak Udoh and Asuno Udoh; and J.a. and G.a., Infants on Behalf of All Others Similarly Situated, Plaintiffs-appellees, v. Nicholas Scoppetta, Individually and As Commissioner of Administration for Children's Services; City of New York; George E. Pataki, As Governor of the State of New York; John E. Johnson; and State of New York, Defendants-appellants,nat Williams, Individually and As Manager; Bethy Victorin, Denise Degannes, Samuel Halstion, Lisa Clark, Howard Safir, Vivian Lopez, Also Known As Jane Lopez, Arlene Irizarry, Vincent Stropoli, Brian Martin, Also Known As James Roe, Jonathan Lippman, Jane Doe, Individually and Attorney for the Administration for Children's Services John Doe, Individually and As Police Officers, Ymsi Holloway, Individually and As Supervisor, Cheryl Constantine, Individually and As Supervisor, Nidia Cordero, Individually and As Supervisor, Dorabella Delamothe, Individually and As Manager, Shakira Panther-wilburg, Individually and As Caseworker, Sylvia Parris, Individually and As a Caseworker for the Administration for Children's Services, Jane Dorabella, Individually and As Supervisor for the Administration for Children's Services and John Tai, Individually and As Supervisor for the Administration for Children's Services, Defendants
Date: September 16, 2003
Citation: 344 F.3d 154

Blue Cross and Blue Shield of New Jersey, Inc., Now Known As Horizon Healthcare Services, Inc, (d/b/a Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Jersey, Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield, Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Jersey, and Horizon Bcbsnj), and Its Subsidiary, Horizon Health Care of New Jersey, Inc. (d/b/a Medigroup of New Jersey, Hmo Blue and Horizon Hmo); Bcbsd, Inc., (d/b/a Blue Cross Blue Shield of Delaware); Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Florida, Inc., and Its Affiliates, Health Options, Inc. and Capital Group Health Services of Florida, Inc., (d/b/a Capital Health Plan); Blue Cross Blue Shield of Georgia, Inc., and It Affiliates Hmo Georgia, Inc.; Bluecross and Blueshields of Massachusetts, Inc.; Bluecross Blue Shield of Michigan, and Its Subsidiary, Blue Care Network of Michigan Incorporated; Blue Cross Blue Shield of Mississippi, a Mutual Insurance Company, and Its Affiliate Hmo of Mississippi, Inc.; Blue Cross and Blue Shield of North Carolina, Andits Subsidiaries Personal Health Plan of North Carolina, Inc. and Health Maintenance Organization of North Carolina; Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Vermont; California Physicians' Services, (d/b/a Blue Shield of California) and Its Affiliate, Careamerica Life Insurance Company; Carefirst of Maryland, Inc., and Its Subsidiary Free State Health Plan Inc.; Empire Blue Cross and Blue Shield; Group Hospitalization & Medical Services, Inc., D/b/a Carefirst Bluecross Blueshield and Subsidiary; Louisiana Health Service & Indemnity Company, Inc., (d/b/a Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Louisiana); Mountain State Blue Cross & Blue Shield, Inc., and Its Subsidiary, Parker Benefits, Inc., (d/b/a Super Blue Hmo); New Hampshire-vermont Health Service, (d/b/a Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Hampshire) and Its Subsidiaries, Matthew Thornton Health Plan, Inc., Matthew Thornton Insurance, Inc. and Health Initiatives, Inc.; Healthnow New York, Inc., (d/b/a Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Western New York, Blue Shield of Northern New York); Trigon Insurance Company, (d/b/a Trigon Blue Cross Blue Shield) and Its Affiliates, Physicians Health Plan, Inc., Healthkeepers, Inc., Priority Health Care, Inc., Peninsula Health Care, Inc., and Trigon Administrators, Inc.; Excellus, Inc., and Its Subsidiaries, the Finger Lakes Companies, Inc., (and Its Subsidiaries, Finger Lakes Health Insurance Company, Inc. and Finger Lakes Medical Insurance Company, Inc.), Excellus of Central New York, Inc. (and Its Subsidiary Excellus Health Plan, Inc.) and Upstate Holding Company, Inc. (and Its Subsidiary, Utica-watertown Health Insurance Co., Inc.), Plaintiffs-appellees, v. Philip Morris Usa Incorporated; R.j. Reynolds Tobacco Company; Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation; Lorillard Tobacco Company; Liggett Group, Inc. and Liggett & Myers, Inc., Defendants-appellants,b.a.t. Industries P.l.c.; British American Tobacco Co.; United States Tobacco; Tobacco Institute, Inc.; Counsel for Tobacco Research-usa, Inc. the Smokeless Tobacco Council, Inc.; Hill and Knowlton, Inc.; John Doe, Unknown Corporations A-z, Defendants
Date: September 16, 2003
Citation: 344 F.3d 211

Michael Webb, Donyell Beckwith, Willie Bradley, Mariano Cappelanmena, Timothy Collier, Steven Corbett, Rene Ellis, Leon Hardy, Tommy Jackson, Jr., Jeffrey Mcneil, Brian Morgan, Jimmy Ramos, Shaka Reynolds, Eric Smith, Angel Valentine, James Walls, Edward Walsh, Sam Waters, Richard Weatherly, Harry Williams, Rodney Wright, Herbert Burgess, Manny Cabassa, Andres Chaparro Shawn Corwall, Gerald Derosse, Michael Mckenzie, Daniel Morales, Thomas Murphy, Cornelius Ricks, and George Simmons, Plaintiffs-appellants, v. Glen S. Goord, Individually and As Commissioner of the New York State Dept. of Correctional Services, Dr. Lester Wright, Individually and As Associate Commissioner for Health Services of the New York State Dept. of Correctional Services, Frank Headley, Individually and As Superintendent of the Arthur Kill Correctional Facility, Daniel Senkowski, Individually and As Superintendent of the Clinton Correctional Facility, Charles Greiner, Individually and As Superintendent of the Sing Sing Correctional Facility, Earl Couture, Individually and As Superintendent of the Governeur Correctional Facility, Michael Mcginnes, Individually and As Superintendent of the Southport Correctional Facility, Edward Reynolds, Individually and As Superintendent of the Mohawk Correctional Facility, Robert Kuhlmann, Individually and As Superintendent of the Sullivan Correctional Facility, Melvin L. Hollins, Individually and As Superintendent of the Oneida Correctional Facility, Connelly, Mr., As Deputy Director of Security Sing Sing Correctional Facility, Gebber, Mr. As Correctional Counsel of Sing Sing Correctional Facility, Peter Lacy, Individually and As Superintendent of the Bare Hill Correctional Facility, Brian Malone, As Inspector General of the Docs, Berios, Sgt., Netti Condell, Correction Counselor, Joseph Mccoy, Individually and As Superintendent of the Cayuga Correctional Facility, Huggins Sgt., Blankenship, Sgt., Daniel Crumb, Officer, Putnam, Officer, John Doe Kelly, Officer, Wein, Officer, Foster, Officer, Caldwell, Lt., Bishop, Sgt., Connelly, Deputy Superintendent, Sherman, Lt., Farrel, Lt., Vaughan, Sgt., Hood, Correction Officer, Charles Dufrain, Individually and As Superintendent of the Franklin Correctional Facility, Sweeney, Mr., As Deputy Superintendent of Security at the Governeur Correctional Facility, Rabsatt, Captain, Bourgal, Sgt., R. Nagle, Correction Officer, T. Link, Correction Officer, Defendants-appellees
Date: August 13, 2003
Citation: 340 F.3d 105

No. 01-7978(l)
Date: August 8, 2003
Citation: 339 F.3d 129

Patricia Hayes Associates, Inc., Smithall Electronics, Inc., Southern Marine Electric Co., Inc., Alpha Marine, Inc., Nordica Engineering, Inc., Callenberg Engineering, Inc., Tramp Oil & Marine Ltd, Triton Marine Fuel Ltd, the Boston Pilots, Arthur Whittemnore, Capt., L.j. Cannon, R.b. Emery, R. Stover, J. Collins, C. Hoyt, J.s. Cardomy, R.p. Cushman, J.e. Frye, Jr., R.g. Cordes, F.r. Morton, G.h. Farmer, Massachusetts Port Authority, P & O Ports North American Inc., Starboard Holdings Ltd., David Leonard, John Hadley, Howard Mcvay, Bruce Fisher, Joseph Maco, Irving Bracy, Spin, Inc., Clean Water of New York, Inc., Consolidated-plaintiffs,dynamic Marine Electric, Inc., Assurnaceforeningen Skuld, High Seas Trading Co., Direct Ship Supply, Steiner Transocean Ltd, Metropolitan Pilots Association, Moran Towing and Metropolitan Pilots Association, Milder Medical Supply, Inc., Jim's Pump Repair, Inc., Sysco Foods of South Florida, Inc., Ritter Sysco Foods, Inc., Mayfair Ship Supplies, Inc., Intervenors-plaintiffs,greenwich Insurance Co., Nac Insurance Corp., Intervenors-plaintiffs-appellants,four Jay's of Merritt Island, Inc., Intervenors-plaintiffs, v. Cammell Laird Holdings U.k., Premier Cruise Lines, Ltd., Premier Holdings, Inc., Consolidated-defendant-appellee,"big Red Boat Ii", Its Engines, Tackle, Apparel and Freights in Rem, International Shipping Partners, in Personam, Premier Cruises, Inc., in Personam, Mv "big Red Boat Ii", Master Garnishee, Defendants-appellees
Date: August 5, 2003
Citation: 339 F.3d 76

Docket No. 01-7941
Date: June 24, 2003
Citation: 333 F.3d 339

Michael Gerber, Howard Mayer and Barry W. Feldman, Plaintiffs,fred Kayne, Oppenheimer & Co., a Delaware Corporation, As Custodian for Fred Kayne Individual Retirement Accounts, Stephen Kayne, Don Wohl, Milton T. Okun, Rosemary Okun, Glenn Tobias, Merrill, Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith, Inc., a Delaware Corporation, As Custodian for Milton T. Okun Individual Retirement Accounts, Ken Berg, Robert A. Bronstein, Bronstein Family Trust, Bruce Burnam, Marcia Burnam, Kathleen A. Cohen, William Corbett, Cutler Family Trust of 1989, Martin Goldfarb, Richard Gunther, Harpel Partners, L.p., Harpel Wheelock Partners, L.p., Harpel International, Ltd., Richard L. Milsner, Joel Rumm, Victor Scaravilli and Tri S Partners and Todd Ellis, Joseph Meyer, Leona Moga, Terry Schultz, Eddy Sherman, Kenneth Steiner, Audree Yorkes, on Behalf of Themselves and All Others Similarly Situated, Plaintiffs-appellees, v. Mtc Electronic Technologies Co., Ltd., Defendant-counter-defendant-appellant,bdo Dunwoody Ward Mallette, Defendant-third-party-plaintiff-appellee,alan Leung, Defendant-cross-claimant,hsbc Bank Canada and Ron Driol, Third Party-defendants-cross-claimants-appellees,miko Leung, H.j. Meyers & Co., Inc. and Sit Wa Leung, Defendants-cross-defendants, v. Daiwa Securities America, Inc., Defendant-cross-claimant-appellant,robert C. Farr; Peter Jensen; Thomas Lenagh; Edilberto v. Pozon; Goodwin Wang; David Wong, Defendants-counter-defendants-appellants,levesque Securities, Inc., Meridian Securities International Limited, Maurice Lee, Canaccord Capital Corp., First Canada Securities, Leib Orlanski, Freshman, Marantz, Orlanski, Cooper & Klein, Harley Gleckman and Wall Street Financial Corp., Defendants
Date: May 15, 2003
Citation: 329 F.3d 297

In Re Pennie & Edmonds Llp, Appellant
Date: March 14, 2003
Citation: 323 F.3d 86

Miguel Vasquez, Petitioner, v. Michael Parrott, Respondent
Date: January 29, 2003
Citation: 318 F.3d 387

Docket No. 02-6239
Date: January 28, 2003
Citation: 318 F.3d 379

John J. Cranley, Iii, Julius Grad and Walter J. Birdsall, on Behalf of Themselves and All Other Similarly Situated Policyholders of National Life of Vermont, Plaintiffs-appellants,betty C. Birdsall, on Behalf of Herself and All Other Similarly Situated Policyholders of National Life of Vermont, Plaintiff, v. National Life Insurance Company of Vermont, National Life Holding Company, Nlv Financial Corporation, Patrick E. Welch, Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer of National Life Insurance Company of Vermont, Thomas Macleay, President and Chief Operating Officer, and Member of the Board of Directors of National Life Insurance Company of Vermont, James A. Mallon, Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer of National Life Insurance Company of Vermont, William A. Smith, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of National Life Insurance Company of Vermont, Rodney A. Buck, Senior Vice President and Chief Investment Officer of National Life Insurance Company of Vermont, Gregory H. Doremus, Senior Vice President of National Life Insurance Company of Vermont, Charles C. Kittredge, Senior Vice President of National Life Insurance Company of Vermont, Robert E. Boardman, David R. Coates, Benjamin F. Edwards, Iii, Earle H. Harbison, Jr., Roger B. Porter, E. Miles Prentice, Iii, Thomas P. Salmon, A. Gary Shilling, Thomas R.williams, Patricia K. Woolf, Members of the Board of Directors of National Life Insurance Company of Vermont, Elizabeth R. Costle, Commissioner of the Department of Banking, Insurance, Securities, and Health Care Administration of the State of Vermont, in Her Official Capacity, Defendants-appellees
Date: January 21, 2003
Citation: 318 F.3d 105

In Re: Stock Exchanges Options Trading Antitrust Litigationlynn S. Miller, Individually and on Behalf of All Others Similarly Situated, Mark Steinberg, Individually and on Behalf of All Others Similarly Situated, Ram Yariv, Individually and on Behalf of All Others Similarly Situated, Alan Haenel, Individually and on Behalf of All Others Similarly Situated, Yakov Prager, Individually and on Behalf of All Others Similarly Situated, Thomas P. Lynch, Individually and on Behalf of All Others Similarly Situated, Mary Chiu, Individually and on Behalf of All Others Similarly Situated, Harry Binder, Individually and on Behalf of All Others Similarly Situated, Estate of Wanda Graham, on Behalf of Itself and All Others Similarly Situated, William Thedford, Individually and on Behalf of All Others Similarly Situated, Consolidated-plaintiffs-appellants,robert Strougo, Esq., Individually and on Behalf of All Others Similarly Situated, Lsp Partners L.p., Alan Boryk, Edward Meisel, Bruce Mccall, Jeffrey Broderick, Adam Edelstein, Barry Pinkowitz, Rachel Chuang, Alan Nussbaum, George Kinney, Ronald K. Drucker, Robert Dunn, Wilson N. Krahnke, Marc Seidband, John P. Abbamondi, Richard T. Devincent, I. Scott Edelstein, Lonnie B. Reiver, Ronnie A. Yarborough, Jason Silver, Elliot Braun, Plaintiffs-appellants, v. American Stock Exchange, Inc., a New York Not for Profit Corp., Chicago Board Options Exchange, Inc., a Delaware Not for Profit Corp., Philadelphia Stock Exchange, Inc., a Delaware Not for Profit Corp., Pacific Exchange, Inc., a California Corporation., New York Stock Exchange, Inc., a New York Not-for-profit Corp., Wolverine Trading, L.p., Susquehanna Investment Group Inc., John Does 1-100, Spear, Leeds & Kellogg, L.p., a New York Limited Partnership., Amex, Cboe, Phx, Pcx, M.j.t. Securities Llc, Cole, Roesler Trading, L.p., Assets Mondial, Llc., Kodiak Capital Management, Llc., Chin Options Llc., Oppenheimer, Noonan, Weiss, L.p., Arbitrade Llc., Timber Hill L.l.c., Professional Edge Fund, L.p. Tague Securities Corp., Lakota Trading Inc., Refco Securities, Inc., Bridgeport Securities Group Co., Johnson Trading Corp., Group One Trading L.p., Beartooth Trading Inc., Cranmer & Cranmer, Inc., Goin & Co., L.l.c., Ags Specialist Partners, Letco, Bearhunter Llc., Kalb, Voorhis & Co., Llc., Highland Securities Co., Ghm, Inc., D.a. Davidson & Co., Inc., Charlton, Inc., Hull Trading Co. L.l.c., Binary Traders, Inc., Defendants-appellees
Date: January 9, 2003
Citation: 317 F.3d 134