United States of America, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Brett Andrew Peters, Defendant-appellant, 470 F.3d 907 (9th Cir. 2006)Annotate this Case
Argued and Submitted November 16, 2006
Filed December 12, 2006
Christopher Tayback, Bridget Morris, Quinn Emanuel Urquhart Oliver & Hedges, LLP, Los Angeles, CA, for the defendant-appellant.
Debra Wong Yang, United States Attorney, and Thomas P. O'Brien, Michael J. Raphael, Assistant United States Attorneys, Los Angeles, CA, for the plaintiff-appellee.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Central District of California; Ralph Zarefsky, Magistrate Judge, Presiding. D.C. No. CR-05-01074-RZ-1.
Before: B. FLETCHER, CUDAHY,* and GRABER, Circuit Judges.
Brett A. Peters appeals from the district court's judgment revoking his probation, sentencing him to four months' imprisonment, and granting him credit for time served between his arrest for probation violation and his sentencing. We have jurisdiction under 18 U.S.C. § 3742(a) and 28 U.S.C. §§ 636(c) (3), 1291, and we affirm the judgment as amended.
Peters consumed a number of alcoholic beverages and then boarded a flight during which he became increasingly obnoxious and ended up assaulting a fellow passenger. He pled guilty to assault in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 113(a) (4). On June 5, 2006, the district court sentenced Peters to a two-year term of probation, during the first six months of which he was required to serve weekend jail time, to abstain from drinking alcohol, and to complete any drug treatment program ordered by the United States Probation Office.
On or about June 14, 2006, police arrested Peters, who had a blood alcohol level of .263 percent. On July 20, 2006, Peters absconded from a residential drug treatment center at which he had been ordered to reside. On August 18, 2006, Peters admitted to having violated both of the alcohol-related conditions of his probation. This district court revoked Peters's probation and sentenced him to four months in custody, "with credit for time served from the defendant's arrest on August 9, 2006." Peters appealed the district court's refusal to give him credit against the four months for the ten days of weekend time he had spent in custody under the terms of his probation.
We review de novo a district court's legal authority under 18 U.S.C. § 3585(b) to grant prison credit. United States v. Lualemaga, 280 F.3d 1260, 1265 (9th Cir. 2002). We review for reasonableness a sentence imposed upon revocation of probation. United States v. Miqbel, 444 F.3d 1173, 1176 & n. 5 (9th Cir. 2006).
The district court lacked authority under 18 U.S.C. § 3585(b) to grant Peters credit for the time he had served after his arrest.1 In United States v. Wilson, 503 U.S. 329, 334, 112 S. Ct. 1351, 117 L. Ed. 2d 593 (1992), the Supreme Court held that § 3585(b) does not authorize a district court to compute credit for time served. Rather, the prerogative to grant credits in the first instance rests with the Attorney General, acting through the Bureau of Prisons. Id. at 334-35, 112 S. Ct. 1351. Furthermore, under § 3585's statutory scheme, credits cannot be calculated until the defendant commences serving his sentence. Id. at 333, 112 S. Ct. 1351. Following Wilson, we have held that district courts lack authority at sentencing to give credit for time served. Lualemaga, 280 F.3d at 1265 ("The initial calculation [of credit for time served] must be made by the Attorney General acting through the Bureau of Prisons.").
Because the district court lacked authority to grant credit under § 3585(b) in the first place, it did not exceed its authority in refusing to give Peters credit for the weekend days he had spent in custody as a condition of his probation. However, the district court's grant of credit for the time Peters had served in custody pursuant to his arrest exceeded its authority, and we strike from the judgment the phrase "with credit for time served from the defendant's arrest on August 9, 2006." See United States v. Long, 301 F.3d 1095, 1108 (9th Cir. 2002) (per curiam) (striking conviction entered in violation of double jeopardy clause and affirming judgment as amended); Royal Indemnity Co. v. Olmstead, 193 F.2d 451, 456 (9th Cir. 1951) (striking $5,000 from judgment). Thus amended, the judgment and sentence are AFFIRMED.
The Honorable Richard D. Cudahy, Senior United States Circuit Judge for the Seventh Circuit, sitting by designation
In contrast to its lack of authority to calculate credit for time served, a district court does have authority to sentence a defendant to time served. See United States v. Luna-Orozco, 321 F.3d 857, 860 (9th Cir. 2003) (affirming sentence of time served).